Transcript Memory

Hey, do you remember …?
Yes, I do…
Eh, I’m afraid not…
Well, I’m not sure.
No, I don’t.
Give me some hints.
How can I remember my cell phone number?
How can I remember my early memories in
How can the actors/actresses remember their
How can singers remember their lyrics?
How can I recall the knowledge I gained in
Explicit use of memory
 Information is not processed by conscious
Implicit use of memory
 Conscious helps to recall
▪ What’s abnormal?
▪ What’s missing?
Declarative memory
 Fact, events
Procedural memory
 How to do such-and-such (learning)
 How can you remember a new phone number?
▪ Make it meaningful or create an image in brain?
Episodic memories
 Personal experience
▪ Your best birthday party; your first kiss
Semantic memories
 Concepts, meanings, fomulas
 How much can you recall after closing your eyes?
 How will you describe your last birthday present?
What kind of tool
did the little boy at
the bottom holding
in hands?
What is the man on
the top doing?
Iconic memory
 What you see
Echoic memory
 What you hear
When you want to call a friend, sometimes
you need to look it up in your telephone
book. You memorize the number till you dial
successfully. But if you fails, probably you
need to look it up again.
Work memory
 Genernal magic digit number: (7+2) or (7-2)
 Make it meaningful to you and memorize more!
8, 1, 7, 3, 4, 9, 1, 7, 8, 5
J. M. R. S. O.F. L. P. T. Z. B.
▪ Purposely repeating information to maintain it in shortterm memory
 Organize and process your information
 19850415313115 1985|0415|313|115
 Make it meaningful for your memory
People can recall the scene when earthquake
happened several decades later.
Traumatic victims always feel physical and
psychological pain after sexual abuse.
We keep those past beautiful memories even
though we already broke up.
 Smell, visual sight, taste, touch
Serial Position effect
 Primacy effect
▪ Remember the beginning better
 Recency effect
▪ Remember the last part better
 Making your flashcard effectively!!!
Retrieval cues
 Where did I meet her before?
▪ On campus? During Christmas? With mutual friends?
 I forgot the name of the king!
▪ Who was the name of the previous king?
 Forward acting
▪ The old information blocked the new things
 Backward acting
▪ The new stuff makes you difficult to recall the old ones
You might not get used to your new phone
number at the very beginning, but you
usually can’t recall your old one after you can
naturally use your new number.
My dog Puppy  little dog  dog
Basic level
 Animal  extinct animal
 Knowledge package, the bunny in the kitchen
If you witnessed an
car accident, you
might recall better
when you stayed on
the street.
If you were the
criminal, you might
have stronger
response for your
own criminal
If you went to police office to give statement,
some situation might occur:
 Make it simple
 Add more details
 Fit in personal background knowledge
“I swear all I tell will be all of the truth”, really?
After a car accident, I can not remember what
happened when I crashed.
After the earthquake, I can not recall the
emotions or feelings at that point.
After being rescued from suicide, I can not
remember who I was.
All aim to protect yourself and block the
negative influence on you
I forgot…
Boiling water
Locking the door
Words I want to say
Names of my dear friends
Faces of my families
 Please treasure the moments when you still have
abilities to remember.