Unit 4: Adjectives - Welcome to Ms. Knapp's

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Transcript Unit 4: Adjectives - Welcome to Ms. Knapp's

What is an adjective?
 An
adjective is a word that describes a noun
or a pronoun.
 Remember…nouns
and ideas.
are people, places, things,
 Adjectives
can describe the kind of noun it is
(funny, tall, blue, loud…) or it can describe
how many there are (many, two, several…).
 If
you are using two descriptive adjectives
together, you should use a comma.
The small, yellow bird sang a happy song.
Small and yellow both describe the bird.
If I said “Two yellow birds sang a happy song,”
then I would not use a comma to separate them.
 Powerful
There is only ONE adjective.
Why isn’t boldly an adjective?
 Giraffes
lions stared boldly at us.
seemed gentle and shy.
There are two adjectives.
Gentle and shy
 The
two cubs are small and playful.
There are three adjectives.
Two, small, and playful
 The
beautiful, proud peacock has many
There are three adjectives.
Beautiful, proud, and many
 The
heavy elephant has a slow, swaying walk.
There are three adjectives.
Heavy, slow, and swaying.
 Three
gentle deer graze beneath tall, leafy
There are four adjectives.
Three, gentle, tall, and leafy.
Articles and Demonstratives
 An
article is a special kind of adjective.
 There
are three of them: a, an, and the.
and an refer to any person, place, or thing.
Use “a” if the next word begins with a
consonant, and “an” if the next word begins with
a vowel sound.
 The
refers to something specific.
demonstrative tells which one.
 There
are four of them: this, that, and these
and those.
 This
and that are singular; these and those
are plural.
 This
and these are for nearby objects; that
and those are for objects farther away.
am flying (a, an) huge plane.
don’t want (a, an) aisle seat.
 (Those,
That) tall man should fasten his seat
 We
are flying over (a, the) state of New York.
 (These,
Those) clouds are far away.
Using “er” and “est” to compare
 If
you want to compare two or more nouns,
you have to change the adjectives you use.
 If
you are comparing two nouns: add –er to
the adjective.
 If
you are comparing three or more nouns:
add –est to the adjective.
 For
one-syllable adjectives –
add –er or –est to the adjective
 Bright
 The
 brighter  brightest
star is bright.
 The closer star seems brighter than the other
 The sun seems to be the brightest star of all.
 Adjectives
ending in an “e”–
drop the e; add –er or –est to the adjective
 Safe
 safer  safest
 Adjectives
ending with a consonant and a ychange the y to an i and add -er or -est
 Busy
 busier  busiest
 One
syllable adjectives that end with a single
vowel and a consonant Double the consonant and add –er or –est
 Flat
 flatter  flattest
 Some
two and all three or more syllable
words Use “more” for two or “most” for three or
more nouns.
 Careful
 more careful  most careful
 Responsible  more responsible  most
 All
adjectives wen you’re talking about
“less” instead of “more”Use “less” for two or “least” for three or
more nouns.
 Brave
 less brave  least brave
 Responsible  less responsible  least
Comparing with good and bad
 When
you are comparing two nouns, you
change good to “better”.
 When
you are comparing three or more
nouns, you change good to “best”.
 Jen
is a good cook.
 Chris is better than she is.
 John is the best cook.
 When
you are comparing two nouns, you
change bad to “worse”.
 When
you are comparing three or more
nouns, you change bad to “worst”.
 Pongo
is a bad dog.
 Max is worse than he is.
 Perdita is the worst dog of all.
 This
play was (better, best) than the last
 Mary
had a (bad, worst) cough.
 Her
coughing grew (bad, worse) in the last
 Of
the four singers, Merle was (best, good).
Proper Adjectives
 An
adjective formed from a proper noun is
called a proper adjective.
 Those
 They
olives came from Greece.
are Greek olives.
 Note:
all proper adjectives should begin with
a capital letter.
 Food
 The
from Spain is ___________ food.
______ Highways runs through Alaska.
 People
 Words
 People
in Germany are proud of ______ cars.
from Japan are ___________ words.
in Poland make _________ bread.