Transcript Cell Membrane Jeopardy Review
Jeopardy $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $100 $100 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 This type of transport occurs without energy and particles flow from high to low concentration. Passive Transport Particles flow from high to low concentration with the help of membrane proteins. Facilitated Diffusion This type of transport requires energy because the particles flow from low to high concentrations. Active Transport Engulfing of large particles or liquids from outside the cell. Endocytosis Release of large particles or liquids from inside the cell. Exocytosis The name of the lipids that are classified as fats and oils. Triglycerides The 3 carbon chain that attaches to long chains of hydrocarbons. Glycerol These long chains of hydrocarbons are major components in lipids. Fatty Acid tails These fatty acid tails contain at least one carbon to carbon double bond Unsaturated Fat These types of fats are found in products such as butter, milk, and shortening. Saturated Fat The area of the cell membrane that is considered hydrophilic. Polar Phosphate Heads Certain types of lipids are synthesized into molecules such as cholesterol, sex hormones, birth control molecules, and cortisone. Steroids The 3 fatty acid tails bond to the glycerol in a lipid through this process. Dehydration Synthesis This type of cell membrane transport occurs when only large particles are engulfed from outside the cell. Phagocytosis Glycoproteins contains this macromolecule that sticks out from the surface of the membrane. carbohydrate The boundary between the cell and the environment. Cell Membrane By bringing in nutrients such as glucose, amino acids, and lipids, and removing waste from the cell, the cell membrane helps maintain this. Homeostasis This describes the cell membrane’s ability to let some molecules in and keep others out. Selective Permeability This model describes the membrane as flexible; the components move and shift around but make up a pattern. Fluid Mosaic Model These proteins are incorporated in the cell membrane. Integral Proteins These structures make up the general form of the cell membrane, with their phosphate heads and fatty acid tails. Phospholipid This molecule stabilizes the phospholips and keeps them from sticking together. Cholesterol This protein is used to identify the cell. (Cell to Cell recognition) Glycoprotein This protein transports or carries ions into the cell. Carrier Protein This cell membrane component has binding sites for hormones to bind to and cause a reaction to occur. Receptor Protein The net movement of particles from areas of high concentration to low concentration. Diffusion Distilled water is an example of this type of solution. Hypotonic Particles may continue to move but no change in concentration occurs because this has occurred. Equilibrium The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane. Osmosis The solution of salt water in the ocean is an example of this type of solution. Hypertonic Tonic Water Give examples of the three different types of solutions and explain how water molecules would move if a cell was placed in each one.