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Transcript BACK TO GAME

Chapter 10: Classification of Microorganisms
Phylogenetic
Relationships
Classification
of Organisms
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Methods
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FINAL ROUND
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$100 Question
Grouping organisms into categories to
highlight similarities is called
a.
b.
c.
d.
systematics.
taxonomy.
hierarchy.
nomenclature.
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$100 Answer
Grouping organisms into categories to
highlight similarities is called
a.
b.
c.
d.
systematics.
taxonomy.
hierarchy.
nomenclature.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$200 Question
Which of the following characteristics describe
the Domain Bacteria?
a. multicellular
b. complex cellular structures
c. prokaryotic cells; ester linkages in
phospholipids
d. prokaryotic cells; ether linkages in
phospholipids
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$200 Answer
Which of the following characteristics describe
the Domain Bacteria?
a. multicellular
b. complex cellular structures
c. prokaryotic cells; ester linkages in
phospholipids
d. prokaryotic cells; ether linkages in
phospholipids
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$300 Question
Which is NOT a major group of Archaea?
a.
b.
c.
d.
hypoacidophiles
extreme halophiles
methanogens
hyperthermophiles
ANSWER
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Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$300 Answer
Which is NOT a major group of Archaea?
a.
b.
c.
d.
hypoacidophiles
extreme halophiles
methanogens
hyperthermophiles
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Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$400 Question
On what is a molecular clock for evolution
based?
a. fossil records of organisms
b. cellular structures of organisms
c. nucleotide sequences in the genomes of
organisms
d. enzymatic activities of organisms
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$400 Answer
On what is a molecular clock for evolution
based?
a. fossil records of organisms
b. cellular structures of organisms
c. nucleotide sequences in the genomes of
organisms
d. enzymatic activities of organisms
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Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$500 Question
On what is the phylogenetic classification of
the Domain Bacteria based?
a.
b.
c.
d.
cell morphology
rRNA sequences
Gram stain reaction
habitat
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 1: Phylogenetic Relationships
$500 Answer
On what is the phylogenetic classification of
the Domain Bacteria based?
a.
b.
c.
d.
cell morphology
rRNA sequences
Gram stain reaction
habitat
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$100 Question
What is the reason why viruses CANNOT be
classified in a kingdom?
a. They are not composed of cells.
b. They are obligate parasites.
c. Some of them can incorporate their
genome into a host’s genome.
d. They direct anabolic pathways of host cells.
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$100 Answer
What is the reason why viruses CANNOT be
classified in a kingdom?
a. They are not composed of cells.
b. They are obligate parasites.
c. Some of them can incorporate their
genome into a host’s genome.
d. They direct anabolic pathways of host cells.
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Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$200 Question
To which kingdom do molds belong?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Animalia
Fungi
Plantae
Monera
ANSWER
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Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$200 Answer
To which kingdom do molds belong?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Animalia
Fungi
Plantae
Monera
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Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$300 Question
A clone can be defined as
a.
b.
c.
d.
the same as a species.
a population of cells with similar characteristics.
a pure culture.
a group of cells all derived from a single parent.
ANSWER
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Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$300 Answer
A clone can be defined as
a.
b.
c.
d.
the same as a species.
a population of cells with similar characteristics.
a pure culture.
a group of cells all derived from a single
parent.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$400 Question
Which of the following is the correct order in the
taxonomic hierarchy?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Kingdom—phylum—class—order—family—genus—species
Kingdom—class—order—family—phylum—genus species
Species—genus—family—order—class—phylum kingdom
Phylum—kingdom—class—order—genus—family—species
ANSWER
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Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$400 Answer
Which of the following is the correct order in the
taxonomic hierarchy?
a. Kingdom—phylum—class—order—family—genus—
species
b. Kingdom—class—order—family—phylum—genus species
c. Species—genus—family—order—class—phylum kingdom
d. Phylum—kingdom—class—order—genus—family—species
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Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$500 Question
In the scientific name Staphylococcus aureus,
Staphylococcus is the
a.
b.
c.
d.
class.
genus.
species.
family.
ANSWER
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Topic 2: Classification of Organisms
$500 Answer
In the scientific name Staphylococcus aureus,
Staphylococcus is the
a.
b.
c.
d.
class.
genus.
species.
family.
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Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$100 Question
Bacteria and archaea share which of the
following characteristics?
a.
b.
c.
d.
prokaryotic cells
sensitivity to antibiotics
peptidoglycan cell walls
Methionine is the start signal for protein
synthesis.
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$100 Answer
Bacteria and archaea share which of the
following characteristics?
a.
b.
c.
d.
prokaryotic cells
sensitivity to antibiotics
peptidoglycan cell walls
Methionine is the start signal for protein
synthesis.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$200 Question
A prokaryotic species is defined as a
a. population of cells with similar characteristics.
b. population of cells with different
characteristics.
c. group of closely related organisms that can
interbreed.
d. group of organisms that are not composed of
cells.
ANSWER
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Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$200 Answer
A prokaryotic species is defined as a
a. population of cells with similar
characteristics.
b. population of cells with different characteristics.
c. group of closely related organisms that can
interbreed.
d. group of organisms that are not composed of
cells.
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Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$300 Question
Fossil evidence indicates that prokaryotic cells
first existed on Earth _____ years ago.
a.
b.
c.
d.
350
3.5 billion
3500
3.5 million
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$300 Answer
Fossil evidence indicates that prokaryotic cells
first existed on Earth _____ years ago.
a.
b.
c.
d.
350
3.5 billion
3500
3.5 million
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$400 Question
A strain is defined as
a. a group of similar orders.
b. a population of cells with similar
characteristics.
c. a group of cells all derived from a single
parent.
d. pure cultures of the same species that are
ANSWER
not identical in all ways.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$400 Answer
A strain is defined as
a. a group of similar orders.
b. a population of cells with similar
characteristics.
c. a group of cells all derived from a single
parent.
d. pure cultures of the same species that
are not identical in all ways.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$500 Question
Gram-positive bacteria are divided into which
two main divisions?
a.
b.
c.
d.
proteobacteria and nonproteobacteria
hyperthermophiles and extreme halophiles
bacteria and archaea
high G+C and low G+C
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 3: Prokaryotes
$500 Answer
Gram-positive bacteria are divided into which
two main divisions?
a.
b.
c.
d.
proteobacteria and nonproteobacteria
hyperthermophiles and extreme halophiles
bacteria and archaea
high G+C and low G+C
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$100 Question
Historically, eukaryotic organisms that did
NOT fit into other kingdoms were placed into
which kingdom?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Protista
Fungi
Plantae
Animalia
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$100 Answer
Historically, eukaryotic organisms that did
NOT fit into other kingdoms were placed into
which kingdom?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Protista
Fungi
Plantae
Animalia
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$200 Question
Organisms that can form thin tubes called
hyphae belong in the Kingdom
a.
b.
c.
d.
Animalia.
Fungi.
Plantae.
Monera.
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$200 Answer
Organisms that can form thin tubes called
hyphae belong in the Kingdom
a.
b.
c.
d.
Animalia.
Fungi.
Plantae.
Monera.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$300 Question
Into which group would you place a multicellular
organism that has a mouth and lives inside the
human liver?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Plantae
Fungi
Animalia
Proteobacteria
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$300 Answer
Into which group would you place a multicellular
organism that has a mouth and lives inside the
human liver?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Plantae
Fungi
Animalia
Proteobacteria
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$400 Question
Which of the following is an important
characteristic of the Kingdom Fungi?
a.
b.
c.
d.
All members are photosynthetic.
All members are macroscopic.
They absorb dissolved inorganic matter.
They absorb dissolved organic matter.
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$400 Answer
Which of the following is an important
characteristic of the Kingdom Fungi?
a.
b.
c.
d.
All members are photosynthetic.
All members are macroscopic.
They absorb dissolved inorganic matter.
They absorb dissolved organic matter.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$500 Question
Into which group would you place multicellular
photoautotrophs?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fungi
Protista
Animalia
Plantae
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 4: Eukaryotes
$500 Answer
Into which group would you place multicellular
photoautotrophs?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fungi
Protista
Animalia
Plantae
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$100 Question
Biochemical tests are used to determine
a.
b.
c.
d.
staining characteristics.
enzymatic activities.
nucleic acid–base composition.
amino acid sequences.
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$100 Answer
Biochemical tests are used to determine
a.
b.
c.
d.
staining characteristics.
enzymatic activities.
nucleic acid–base composition.
amino acid sequences.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$200 Question
Which of the following is NOT a type of
information that can be obtained using flow
cytometry?
a.
b.
c.
d.
DNA base composition
morphology
density
fluorescence
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$200 Answer
Which of the following is NOT a type of
information that can be obtained using flow
cytometry?
a.
b.
c.
d.
DNA base composition
morphology
density
fluorescence
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$300 Question
Which of the following techniques can identify
antibodies in a patient’s serum?
a.
b.
c.
d.
FISH
Southern blotting
Western blotting
phage typing
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$300 Answer
Which of the following techniques can identify
antibodies in a patient’s serum?
a.
b.
c.
d.
FISH
Southern blotting
Western blotting
phage typing
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$400 Question
Which of the following is MOST useful in
determining whether two organisms are
related?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Both are motile.
Both ferment lactose.
Both are gram-positive.
Both are aerobic.
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$400 Answer
Which of the following is MOST useful in
determining whether two organisms are
related?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Both are motile.
Both ferment lactose.
Both are gram-positive.
Both are aerobic.
BACK TO GAME
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$500 Question
Nucleic acid hybridization is based on the fact
that
a. DNA is composed of genes.
b. pairing between complementary bases occurs.
c. a chromosome is composed of
complementary strands.
d. the strands of DNA can be separated.
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Topic 5: Methods
$500 Answer
Nucleic acid hybridization is based on the fact
that
a. DNA is composed of genes.
b. pairing between complementary bases
occurs.
c. a chromosome is composed of
complementary strands.
d. the strands of DNA can be separated.
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
FINAL ROUND Question
What process can be used to increase the
amount of microbial DNA to levels that can be
tested by gel electrophoresis?
a.
b.
c.
d.
phage typing
DNA fingerprinting
polymerase chain reaction
Western blotting
ANSWER
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
FINAL ROUND Answer
What process can be used to increase the
amount of microbial DNA to levels that can be
tested by gel electrophoresis?
a.
b.
c.
d.
phage typing
DNA fingerprinting
polymerase chain reaction
Western blotting
BACK TO GAME
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.