The Renaissance c. 1350-1600

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Transcript The Renaissance c. 1350-1600

The Renaissance
c. 1350-1600
A Time of Rebirth
The Renaissance
came after the
Middle Ages.
 Renaissance is a
French word that
means rebirth.
 It was a time of
political, social,
economic &
cultural change.
 People again
became interested
in Ancient Greek
and Roman “stuff.”

Why Italy???

The Renaissance
began in Florence,
Italy. From there it
spread north to the rest
of Europe.
Why?
1.
People were
interested in Ancient
Rome-Italy was home
to Rome.
2.
Many Italian citystates had money.
3.
Wealthy merchant
promoted education &
the arts.
Florence
Florence, Italy
symbolized the
Renaissance. Today
it is like an outdoor
museum.
The most important
family was the
de’Medici family—
rich bankers--they
were the Hilton’s,
Gates’ &, Trump’s, of
the day!
de’Medici—Bling-Bling
The de’Medici family was not only rich but
powerful—they even controlled the
government! Imagine Paris Hilton running
the White House???!!!
 The most famous de’Medici’s were
Cosimo and his grandson “Lorenzo the
Magnificent.”
 They were patrons or supporters of the
arts.

Lorenzo & Cosimo de’Medici

Lorenzo

Cosimo
This is inside of the de’Medici’s
house—not too shabby!!!
Education & Humanism



People began
questioning
religion and
turned to science
for answers.
The humanists
believe that
education should
awaken creativity!
The main areas of
study were;
grammar, speech,
poetry, history,
Greek, & Latin.
Viva the Arts

Many famous artists came from the
Renaissance! In fact ALL of the Ninja
Turtles!!
Leonardo da
Vinci
 Painted the Mona Lisa & The Last Supper.
 Discovered how bones & muscles worked.
 Drew plans for early flying machines &
submarines.
 Interested in science, engineering, music, architecture,
etc. This was way ahead of his time. He was the True
Renaissance Man.
Works of da Vinci
Donatello
Donatello was a famous sculptor.
 His sculptures were very lifelike.

Raphael
Best known for religious art.
…and last but not least-Michelangelo
• He was a lot like da Vinci.
• His most famous works are the ceiling of the
Sistine Chapel in Rome, The dome of St.
Peter’s Cathedral in the Vatican, The David,
and The Pietá which is in the Vatican.
• Michelangelo was a genius but was also a bit of
a playboy & a heavy drinker.
Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo lost
some his eyesight
painting this because
the paint dripped into
his eyes.
St. Peter’s—Vatican City
The David—known for being
very lifelike
The Pietá -This is in the church
where the pope was just buried
The Pietá is
A sculpture with
Mary holding
Jesus.

Swiss Guard uniforms
Michelangelo also designed the uniforms
for the pope’s guards. They still wear
these today.
Other famous Renaissance figures
Niccolò Macchiavelli- a writer who believed
rulers must do whatever necessary to
control the people—even if he was a
Hitler-like person. He wrote a book about
it called The Prince.
 His theory was that
it was better to be feared
than loved.

Architecture

Filippo Brunelleschi-He designed the dome
of the cathedral in Florence.
Europe was on the brink of MAJOR
CHANGE!
Double check that you’ve got it!
Renaissance
Florence
De Medici’s
Humanists
Donatello
Raphael
Michelangelo
da Vinci
Niccolò Macchiavelli
Filippo Brunelleschi
circa (c.)