the renaissance - WorldHistory

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Transcript the renaissance - WorldHistory

What was THE RENAISSANCE?
• Renaissance- means rebirth, revival in art,
literature, science, politics, economy, medicine
Southern Renaissance
Happened in Italy
(cities of Milan, Florence,
Venice, Genoa)
Trading centers, wealthy
Wealthy business men
spent $ on arts and
education
The Medici of Florence
City-states were
independent
Merchants- rich, involved in
politics, earned status w/
success
The Medici family- wealthy
& powerful in Florence
Lorenzo the Magnificent
New Education
• Humanism- focuses on individual potential
and accomplishments, less emphasis on the
church, more individual creativity
• The Humanities- subjects like history, poetry,
philosophy, rhetoric
“Renaissance Man” master
of many subjects and
talents (writer, artist,
musician and athlete)
“Renaissance Woman”
studied many subjects,
mostly in private
women were to inspire art,
not create it
Renaissance Art
• painted in realistic view, religious subjects,
portraits
• Perspective- gives 3-D look
Leonardo da Vinci
A realist- studied music,
botany, architecture,
anatomy (dead bodies
to improve his
painting), drew early
flying machines and
submarines
THE MONA LISA
Mona Lisa
The Last Supper
Vitruvian Man
Da Vinci Flying Machines
Michelangelo
Sculptor, painter,
engineer, architect,
poet
Statue of David (18’) w/
Greek influence
Sistine Chapel ceiling
(took 4 yrs)
Designed dome on St.
Peter’s Cathedral in
Rome
Dome of St Peter's - 1564
Raphael
Studied da Vinci and
Michelangelo
Painted the Madonna
(Mary) w/ Child (Jesus)
Painted walls in the
Vatican
Renaissance Literature
Written in the vernacular (not Latin),
individual ideas,
Many “How To” books
The Book of the Courtier - Baldassare
Castiglione- How to be
a Renaissance Man well-mannered,
master of many subjects, educated,
athletic
The Prince - Machiavelli- guide to
success in politics (lie, cheat, steal
vs. honesty & integrity)
“...it is far better to be feared than
loved if you cannot be both.”
NORTHERN RENAISSANCE
NORTHERN RENAISSANCE
Developed later than in
Italy- recovering from
the plague and
Hundred Years war
Began in the Flanders
Region (N. France,
Belgium, Netherlands)
Northern Renaissance Art
Jan and Hubert Van Eyck- oil paints, scenes of
daily life, religion
Arnolfini
Wedding Portrait
Pieter Brueghel- vivid color, commoners
Albrecht Durer- (German) engravings on plates to
make prints, art now available and affordable
NORTHERN RENAISSANCE WRITING
Desiderius ErasmusDutch, translated the
Bible to the vernacular,
wrote about church
corruption
Thomas More- England,
wrote Utopia, about an
ideal society (no greed,
crime, corruption or
war)
William Shakespeare
English poet & playwright
wrote 37 plays b/t 1590-1613, comedies,
tragedies and historical plays (A Midsummer’s
Night Dream, Macbeth, Hamlet, Romeo and
Juliet, Julius Caesar),
often dealt with human flaws & errors
over 1700 words appear for the 1st time
(bedroom, lonely, hurry, sneak, etc.)
Miguel de Cervantes
Spain- wrote “Don Quixote”
parody of chivalry
Printing Revolution
Johann Gutenberg (German)
1st printing press
First edition Bible in 1456
By 1500- 20 million books
printed in Europe, all
subjects, ideas spread,
books affordable
Bible read and interpreted by
many who wanted religious
reform