Biomolecule Elements its made from

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Transcript Biomolecule Elements its made from

The Building Blocks of
In your table
groups make
as many
observations
as you can
about the
diagram on
the left.
Biomolecule
Look at the
biomolecule description
cards in the envelope at
your lab table and
without using your
notes, do your best to
group them using the
characteristics on
the cards
Everything – whether it’s a
rock, frog or a flower is made
up of substances called
elements.
Those are
the things
that we found
in the periodic table.
Of the naturally occurring
elements on earth, only about
25% are essential to living
organisms.
In fact, only four of the
elements Carbon, Hydrogen,
Oxygen & Nitrogen together
make up more than 96% of
the mass of a human body.
Most matter in your body
that is not water is made of
what we call organic compounds.
Organic compounds contain carbon atoms.
There are four principal classes of organic
compounds found in all living things:
Without these compounds, cells could not
function.

What chemical elements make up these molecules?
 They are made up of building blocks called
monomers, but what are they?
 What are some examples of these biomolecules?
 What is their function?
Biomolecule
Elements its made from:
Monomers (building blocks):
 Last week we researched
these biomolecules and
and record
Biomolecule
our findings
Elements its made from:
in our
Monomers (building blocks):
notebooks
Examples:
Examples:
Functions:
Functions:
Chemical structure:
Chemical structure:
Carbohydrates
Elements its made from:
C, H, O
Monomers (building blocks):
Monosaccharides
Examples:
sugars, starches, glycogen,
cellulose
Functions:
main source of energy for
cells
Chemical structure:
Lipids
Elements its made from:
C, H, O
Monomers (building blocks):
Fatty Acids & Glycerol
Examples:
Fats, oils, waxes, steroids
Functions:
Long term energy storage, major
component of cell membrane
Chemical structure:
Proteins
Elements its made from:
C, H, O, N
Monomers (building blocks):
Amino Acids
Examples:
Muscles & enzymes
Functions:
Structure, regulates cellular
processes & chemical reactions
Chemical structure:
Nucleic Acids
Elements its made from:
C, H, O, N, P
Monomers (building blocks):
Nucleotides
Examples:
DNA & RNA
Functions:
Stores and transfers genetic
information
Chemical structure:
Biomolecule
Now return to your lab
groups and check your
findings.
Are there any changes
you want to make?
We use bridge maps like the one below to
show relationships between concepts
Birds
Bears
Nests
Caves
Bricks
Polymers
Monomer
We use knowledge of biomolecules and their
building blocks to complete the multi-bridge
map above.