Renaissance - ESM School District

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Transcript Renaissance - ESM School District

Have you every wanted to pretend
a part of your life never happened?
Renaissance
7/18/2015
2
Russell’s Rule to the
Renaissance
Questions on the Renaissance will deal
with HUMANISM!!
And its effect on the growth of cities in
Italy
Introduction
What is the Renaissance in terms of
Atmosphere
People
Humanism
Changes in Thinking
What is humanism?
focus on human
potential and
achievements
Move to Secular way
of thinking
Worldly pleasures as
opposed to spiritual
Why Italy?
Center of trade on Mediterranean Sea
– City States, urban unlike rest of Europe
– Merchants become popular
– Merchants dominate politics
• Used wit to gain social rank
• Wealth = Power
Why Italy? Cont.
Influence of Greece and
Rome
–Wanted to go back to art
and learning prior to middle
ages- culture
–Artists drew inspiration
from ruins of Rome and
Greece
Preservation of manuscripts
Medici Family
• Medici family- wealthy
bankers,
» lots of power
• Loans, patron of the arts
– Gave money to many
artisans
• Family included 3 popes
– Leo X
– Clement VII
Secular thinking
Away from GOD and religion  focus
on the world
Changes in Art
Changes in Art
Art- perspective – 3 dimensions/Realism
Michelangelo- Human body- Sistine
Chapel,
Donatello- Statues- nude
Raphael- School of Athens
•Leonardo da
Vinci
Artist, Inventor –
Mona Lisa,
Last Supper
Drew plans for
helicopters,
airplanes, tanks,
war machines
Wrote backwards
Mona Lisa
Last Supper
Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo
Last Judgement
Sistine Chapel
About a year after creating
David, Pope Julius II
summoned Michelangelo to
Rome to work on his most
famous project, the ceiling
of the Sistine Chapel.
David
Raphael- School of Athens
Depicts
influences
from Ancient
Greece such
as Socrates,
Pythagoras,
Aristotle
The School of Athens
Pythagoras
Plato and Aristotle
Socrates
Raphael (back)
Euclid
Zoroaster & Ptolemy
Northern Renaissance
Northern Renaissance
Slower than Italian Renaissance
– *Less people due to plague
– Difference countries and cultures
– Focused more on realism in art
• Led to reform in society
• Questioning of authority
• Church
Petrarch
Sonnets, humanist
scholarship
Francesco Petrarch
1304-1374
Assembled Greek and
Roman writings.
Wrote
Sonnets to Laura,
love poems in the
Vernacular
Sir Thomas More
English Humanist
Wrote: Utopia
A book about a perfect society
Believed men and women live in
harmony. No private property,
no one is lazy, all people are
educated and the justice system
is used to end crime instead of
executing criminals.
Literature focusing on human traits,
emotions, thinking
In England was during Elizabethan Age:
–William Shakespeare
•MacBeth
•Hamlet
Italian Writers
Writers in Italy:
Wrote in Vernacular – native language
instead of Latin
Ideas on politics
Is it better to be feared or
loved?
Machiavelli- The Prince
– advise rulers how to rule
– Be sneaky, cruel, lie, cheat,
steal, gain trust
– “The End justifies the
Means”
Do Tupac and Machiavelli
have anything in common?
&
Affect of Printing Press
Created by Johann
Guttenberg- Germany in
1440
***produce hundreds of
copies of single work
spread ideas faster/cheaper
Used to be just religious
books before