Transcript Renaissance Art - McCullough Junior High School
Renaissance Art 1400-1600 The meaning of the word Renaissance is__rebirth. . The center for the art world was in __FLORENCE___, Italy. Both the _government ___ and the ___Church ____ took an interest in promoting the arts. Artist were commissioned to create and schools were funded to train quality artists. Center of the ART world :_Florence___ Italy. There were 3 leading artists in Florence that set the standard for all the rest. They were : 1._____________Leonardo da Vinci________(1452-1519) 2._____________Michelangelo____________(1475-1564) 3._____________Rapheal________________(1483-1520) Leonardo da Vinci -(1452-1519) was a painter, sculptor, architect, scientist, inventor, engineer, writer and musician. He kept extensive notes in his sketchbook in which he wrote ___backwards_____. He is called a ______Renaissance_____ man because he was so curious and learned about many topics. His anatomy drawings are still used in medical books today. Three famous works by da Vinci: The Last Supper *Leonardo use an experimental technique in hopes of improving the popular ___fresco__ or painting on wet plaster that most Renaissance artists used. He used oil and tempera on a thin layer of plaster and the results were disastrous. Within a short time the painting began deteriorating and it has been a continuous battle to preserve it. *located in Milan, Italy in a monastery 2.The Mona Lisa *can be found in ____Louvre____, in Paris , France 3. The Virtuvian Man Leonardo was a mathematician as well as an artist and continuously sought out of his notebooks. the perfect proportions of the human form. If a compass were placed at the navel, the tips of the fingers and toes would fall on the line of the circle it drew. The well known diagram illustrating the concept was part of his notebooks. Michelangelo Buonarroti- (1475-1564) was a sculptor, painter, poet and architect. He is often called the greatest Renaissance artist. He considered himself a _sculptor__, and was miserable when pope Julius II commissioned him to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Three famous works by Michelangelo:: 1. The Pieta – Michelangelo traveled to the quarries of northern Italy to select the block of marble for this sculpture. The Pieta is an image of Mary holding the dead body of Jesus in her lap. It is found in The Vatican in __Rome___. 2. The Sistine Chapel Ceiling – Pope Julius II ordered Michelangelo to paint the ceiling which took Michelangelo 4 years of lying on his back to complete. It was done in ___Fresco__. It depicts scenes from the Old Testament, the most famous being the “Creation of Adam”. It was cleaned and restored from 19601994,, revealing brighter more vibrant colors that were hidden by dirt and grim for centuries. 3. Dome of St. Peters Designed the dome but died before it was fully complete. Raphael (1483-1520) – Despite an early death at age 37, he has a very large body of works still in the Vatican and in museums all over the world. He was known for the expressiveness he added to the faces of the portraits he painted.