The Renaissance in Italy

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Transcript The Renaissance in Italy

The Renaissance in
Italy
Renaissance = “Rebirth”
The Renaissance
1300-1500
• The period after the
Middle Ages/Dark Ages
and before modern
history
• At the end of the Black
Death (plague)
• A time of great art and
great thinkers
• It marked a shift
from an
agricultural to a
urban society
• Trade was of
greater importance
• (Italian gown
shown here)
The Renaissance Began in Italy and Later Spread
• Italy is where the Roman
Empire existed, so
architecture & other
artifacts were present.
• The Pope, head of the
Roman Catholic Church,
was also in Italy
• Geographic location was
great for trade to the
North, South and East
Renaissance Art
• Used religious
figures, but against
classical backgrounds
• Artists returned to
the realism of
classical times using
perspective
Medieval Portrayals of the
Madonna
Renaissance Portrayal of the
Madonna
Leonardo da Vinci
• Artist, Scientist, all
around Renaissance
Man.
• -The Mona Lisa
• -The Last Supper
• -The Vitruvian Man
• -Self portrait
• BTW – He also
robbed graves.
The Brilliance of Leonardo
• Out of 17 half brothers
and sisters, Leonardo
was recognized as
“unusual” as a child.
• Apprenticed to a
painter by 15.
The Brilliance of Leonardo
• Developed interest in
science and technology.
• Tried to invent rockets,
bridges, flying machines,
parachutes, fire trucks with
extendable ladders, etc.
• May have also invented the
telescope?
• Was a lefty!
BTW:
• Leonardo and the next
Renaissance Man
absolutely HATED one
another!!!
• Both are what we call
“Renaissance Men”
– Able to do more than
one thing quite well!
Michelangelo
• Michelangelo di
Lodovico Buonarroti
Simoni[
• And we wonder why we
just call him
“Michelangelo”?
• Italian Renaissance
painter, sculptor,
architect, poet and
engineer.
Michelangelo
• La Pieta in the Sistine
Chapel in Rome.
David
The Divine Spark
Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Raphael
• The School of Athens
• Portrayal of the
Madonna, mother of
Jesus.
Self-portrait by Raphael, missing
since World War II
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
• Teenage Mutant
Ninja Turtles were
all named after the
famous artists of
the Renaissance.
• Master Splinter and
Super Shredder
were not.
Renaissance Writings
• Wrote of philosophy and
scholarship
• Developed guidebooks for
success
• Machiavelli wrote a guide for
rulers on how to gain and
maintain power
• He urged rulers to use
whatever methods necessary
to achieve their goal
Machiavelli
• “The end justifies the
means.”
• He has a Machiavellian
mind.
– NOT a compliment!
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH –
the late start!
• Northern Europe began
the Renaissance nearly
100 years after Italy
because they still
suffered from the Black
Death and had not
experienced the same
economic growth -until the 1400’s!
Where it began in the
North
• The Northern Renaissance
began in a region called
Flanders where there were
lots of prosperous cities.
(Present-day France,
Belgium and Netherlands.
• It then spread into the
remainder of France,
Spain, Germany and
England.
The Printing Revolution
• 1455, John Gutenberg
of Germany invented a
printing press with
movable type
• Why was this a BIG
DEAL?
The Gutenberg Bible
Ned Flanders
Northern Humanists
and Writers
• Those in the North also
stressed education and
the classics.
• Writing had been in
Latin -- began writing in
everyday language (the
vernacular)
• What affect would this
have?
Erasmus
• A Priest and Humanist
• Used knowledge of
languages and produced
a new edition of the
Bible
• He called for a
translation of the Bible
into the vernacular
• Why was this a big deal?
Shakespeare
• English poet and
playwright
• Incorporated
Renaissance ideals into
a language the people
could understand
• Introduced more than
1700 new words
Shakespeare Insults
• “You vomitous mass”
• “You crusty botch of
nature!”
• “I never see thy face but
I think upon hell-fire.”