Macromolecules - Saint Paul Public Schools

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Transcript Macromolecules - Saint Paul Public Schools

Macromolecules
* four basic chemicals or compounds make up almost everything
on earth
Carbohydrates
• usable sources of energy/
easily broken down
• sugars, starches, and
cellulose
• monomer =
monosaccharide
• polymer = polysaccharide
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Lipids
• includes steroids, fats,
waxes, and oils
• monomer = glycerol
backbone and 3 fatty
acid chains
•Polymer = triglyceride
• used for storage &
structure (cell
membrane)
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Proteins
• large molecules - enzymes, hemoglobin, muscles
• monomer: amino acid
• polymer: polypeptide
• more than 1/3 of your body
• many functions: movement, structure, regulation,
transport, nutrition, defense
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Nucleic Acids
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Control all inherited characteristics
DNA and RNA
Monomer: nucleoticde
Polymer: DNA or RNA
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