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Transcript Rotavirus

Rotavirus is a Viral pathogen that is
the leading cause of severe
diarrhea in children
Rotavirus was discovered in 1973 by a
team of scientists in Melbourne,
Australia that were led by Dr. Ruth
Rotavirus. Digital image. NIH. N.p., 19 July 2010. Web. 25 Nov. 2014.
Rotavirus is a member of the
Reoviridae virus family
It takes about 2 days for symptoms
to arise and symptoms usually last
3-8 days
Rotavirus is spread by a fecal-oral
route via contaminated
- Food
While rotaviral infections are found worldwide most
life threatening cases are in developing countries
Rotavirus diagnoses are usually
determined symptomatically, but
also be diagnosed by enzyme
immunoassay for antigens
There is not a specific drug to treat rotavirus, so is treated by the use
of supportive care
Proper sanitation and hygiene are important steps to prevention,
but Vaccination is the most effective
There are currently two vaccines
being used
-RotaTeq : 3 doses at 2, 4, & 6 months of age
-Rotarix : 2 doses at 2 &4 months of age
The use of vaccines has been found to be effective
in reducing the number of severe diarrheal and
gastroenteritis cases
ROTA council and IVAC are two
organizations who advocate for the
distribution of rotavirus vaccines in
developing countries
Every child should be given an
opportunity to live a full life