latin america

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Transcript latin america

LATIN AMERICA
POST WORLD WAR II
DEVELOPMENT
EMERGING NATIONS

Problems
1.
rapid population growth
2.
poverty
3.
illiteracy
4.
political instability
5.
authoritarian governments
Cold War


USA pushed for
democracy.
Chaos made
democracy difficult.


USSR pushed for
Communism.
Military regimes won
out in Argentina, Chile,
Brazil and others during
1960’s.
Revolutions

Che’ and Fidel

Guerrillas and urban
terrorists lead
revolutions.

Che’ Guevara from
Argentina became a
famous revolutionary
leader.
Fall of Communism

Gorbachev and Reagan


USSR fell apart in the
1980’s.
With a lack of
Communist influence in
Latin America,
Democracies take hold.
POPULATION GROWTH
Latin America grew
from 400 million in
1990 to 600 million in
2000!
Economies could not
keep pace with
population causing
poverty.
Sao Paolo, Brazil (11 Million)
URBANIZATION
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Millions of peasants
migrated to the city
for jobs.
Shantytowns ringed
cities, with poor
conditions.
Family structure fell apart with
move to the cities.
Rural life
City life
RELIGION
Catholic Church a
powerful force.
Movement struggled
against oppressive
governments.
Made religion strong
with the poor.
Pope John Paul II
DRUG WARS



80% of Marijuana and
90% of Cocaine used by
Americans comes from
Latin America.
Drug Cartels control
industry with bribery and
intimidation.
Contributes to general
lawlessness and
corruption.
US blames Latin America for making a supply
of drugs, Latin America blames US for creating
a demand for drugs.
ECONOMIC DEPENDENCY
Export raw materials
and crops.
Dependent on
imported goods from
industrial nations.
Used for cheap labor
by multinational
corporations.
Two large Banana Plantations
in Costa Rico and Nicaragua
Single Product Economies
Colombian Coffee farm
Latin American
countries suffered
from other countries
economic storms.
Nations fell into debt.
Need to diversify
NAFTA
 North American Free Trade Agreement
 Linked Mexico to markets in the United
States and Canada.
 Controversial in United States because it
took jobs away form Americans
 Lead to Economic Growth in Mexico.
NAFTA Political Cartoons