Alcohol Myths and Misconceptions

download report

Transcript Alcohol Myths and Misconceptions

Alcohol Myths
and
Misconceptions
1. A can of beer is less
intoxicating than a shot
of whiskey.
FALSE!!
What Equals One Drink?
All types of alcohol contains ½
ounce of alcohol by volume.
Types
Ounces
Beer/Ale/
Lager/Malt
12 oz.
Wine
4 – 5 oz
Hard Liquor
Distilled
1 oz Shot
1 ½ King
Shot
Percentage
How is it
made
3-8%
Grains that
are
fermented
8-14%
Grapes that
are
fermented
18 – 100%
Grains that
are
fermented
and then
distilled
How is Alcohol Made?
 FERMENTATION – Yeast + Sugar > CO2 + Alcohol
Wheat, corn, barley, hops,
grapes, sugar cane and
yeast! Yeast reacts with the
sugars in fruit or grain. The
by product is carbon dioxide
and alcohol.
2. A drunk person can sober up
quickly by taking a cold shower
or drinking coffee.
FALSE!!
The only thing
that can sober
someone up is
time
3. Alcohol is considered a drug.
TRUE!
A drug is any substance that alters
the way the mind or body naturally
functions.
4. Alcohol is considered a stimulant.
FALSE!!
Alcohol is considered to be a depressant.
Depressants slow down the body systems
and the central nervous system
functions. (ex: slower reaction time or
motor functions)
5. If you drink an energy drink
prior to consuming alcohol you
will not get drunk as quickly.
FALSE!!
What Happens When They Mix??
Energy drinks contain caffeine which is a
stimulant but also know that alcohol is a
depressant. How could this be
dangerous?!
ADDITIVE EFFECT! This is when you
mix drugs of different classifications
together.
The opposite would be if you mixed drugs
of the same classification, this is consider
SYNERGISTIC EFFECT.
6. There was a time in U.S.
history when alcohol was banned
and considered illegal!
TRUE!!
This time period was called the
PROHIBITION. During this time it
was illegal to sell, product, import,
consume, or transport alcohol
beverages. The time this occurred
was 1920-1933.
7. Alcohol is found in products
such as cologne, mouth wash,
cough syrup, and hair spray.
TRUE!!
Ethyl Alcohol: Alcohol we can consume. Found in
beer, wine, and distilled alcohol.
Methyl Alcohol: Alcohol found in the products
such as cologne. This form of alcohol we cannot
consume.
8. If a woman decides to
consume alcohol while she is
pregnant, this could cause harm
to her unborn child.
TRUE!
This is known as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
•
•
•
•
•
•
Growth Deficiency – Physical
Smaller in Weight
Shorter in Length
Smaller Head Circumference
Head and Facial Abnormalities
Abnormal Structure of Organ Systems
9. Drinking to get drunk is
a sure way to make
friends.
FALSE!!
10. There are support groups
available for recovering
alcoholics.
TRUE
These programs are called Alcoholic Anonymous (aka A.A). This
is usually a 12 step program that meets with others suffering from
the same illness. This group lives by a strict code that what ever
is discussed in these groups will not be discussed outside of them.