Virtual Reality - University of Washington

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Transcript Virtual Reality - University of Washington

Virtual Reality
Master File
Richard M. Satava, MD FACS
Professor of Surgery
University of Washington School of Medicine
and
Program Manager, Advanced Biomedical Technologies
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
and
Special Assistant, Advance Medical Technologies
US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
Please give credit to the researchers listed on the slides
Air Force 1 - refit
Unofficial Administration request
Current Visions
“The Future is here …
. . . it’s the Information Age”
If Telemedicine were …
Ubiquitous
In every home, school, workplace desktop, mall, airport, etc
Free
Ultra-bandwidth, continuous access, at no cost, etc
… then what is the next step?
Disruptive Visions
“The Future is not what it used to be”
….Yogi Berra
Holomer
Total body-scan for total diagnosis
From visible human to virtual human
Satava
March, 2002
Virtual Soldier Scan
What if we could . . .
•Predict the performance of each soldier under
a thousand different scenarios/stresses
• Instantly and automatically accurately diagnose
every internal combat injury
•Determine the potential of hundreds of
equipment, drug, training, etc. enhancements
•Estimate the effects of wounding of every
type of weapon under every situation
•Perform clinical trials for a vaccine on a
million soldiers over 20 years time – in one week
…. just for starters
Figure 4 Scott Fisher wearing one of the first head mounted displays at
the NASA Ames Research Center virtual reality laboratory – ca 1985.
(Courtesy of Dr. Scott Fisher, PhD, Telepresence Research, Inc., Palo Alto, CA)
Information Age Technologies
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Digital imaging (CT, MRI, ultrasound, etc)
Remote and biologic sensors
Networking
Robotics
Micro-machines / micro-robots
Human interface technology
Virtual reality
Supercomputing
Artificial intelligence
Full System
ENT Sinusoscopy Simulator
Haptics
Lockheed Martin 1999
Anastomosis Simulator
Marc Raibert, BDInc, 1998
Virtual Emergency Room
Courtesy Suzanne Weghorst, HIT Lab, Univ Washington. 1994
The Challenge
To understand the fundamental
change the Information Age is
bringing to Healthcare
SATAVA 7 July, 1999
DARPA
The Digital Interface
The point at which
human, machine and
information interact
Color Virtual Retinal Display
Courtesy Tom Furness,
HIT Lab, Seattle WA
VRD as a personal eyewear display
Courtesy Tom Furness,
HIT Lab, Seattle WA
VisionStation
Courtesy Elumens, Inc
Real and virtual colonoscopy - Transverse colon polyp
Virtual Barium Enema
Courtesy James Brink, Yale University, 2001
Pre-operative planning and surgical rehearsal
3-D Modeling of the Liver
Jacques Marescaux EITS, Strasbourg, France
Next Generation Innner Ear
Courtesy Dr. Jonathan Silverstein, Univ Illinois, Chicago, 2000
Holomer
An example of multi-disciplinary research
From visible human to virtual human
Satava
March, 2000