Drugs A Drug is: A substance other than food that changes the way the body or mind works. Drug Use – term to describe a drug-taking behavior. Responsible Drug Use: The correct use of legal drugs to Promote health & well-being. Drug Misuse: incorrect use of Prescription or over-the-counter drugs. Drug Abuse: the use of illegal drugs Ways Drugs Enter the Body: By Mouth – drug taken orally and swallowed By Injection – from a syringe or needle, goes under the skin, into a muscle or blood vessel. By Inhalation – inhaled through mouth or nose By Absorption: A drug is absorbed and enters the bloodstream through the skin or mucous membranes. Ointments, creams, lotions, sprays and patches can be applied to the skin or mucous membranes. How Drugs Work Inside the Body: Receptor Site: is the part of a cell where the chemical substance in a drug fits. Side Effect – is an unwanted body change that is not related to the main The Effects Drugs have on the Body are Determined by: The way the drug enters the body. Weight, Age, The amount taken Health Status Emotional State the Dose. Use of other The ability of a Drugs substance to dissolve soluability. Prescription Drugs Medicine is a drug that is used to treat, prevent, or diagnose illness. Prescription Drug is a medicine that can be obtained only with a written order from a licensed health professional. Prescription is a written order from a certain licensed health professional. Prescription Drugs (continued) Brand-Name Drug – is a registered name or trademark given to a drug by a pharmaceutical company. Generic-Name Drug – a drug that contains the same active ingredients as a brandname drug. They are usually less expensive. Over-the-Counter Drug (OTC) A drug that can be purchased without a prescription. Information on OTC Drug Labels: 1. Name of product 2. Type of Drug 3. Amount in package 4. Main ingredient 5. Purpose of drug 6. Directions for safe use 7. Cautions & side effects 8. Manufacturer number 9. Expiration date 10.Name & address of manufacturer Prescription Drug Label: 1. Pharmacy name, address & phone number. 2. Name of licensed health professional 3. Strength of medicine 4. Number of pills in container 5. Number of refills 6. Expiration date 7.Date prescription was filled 8. Name of medicine 9. Name of patient 10.Prescription number Drug Dependence The continued use of a drug even though it harms the body, mind, and relationships. Chemical Dependence & Chemical Addiction are other terms used for drug dependence. Drug Dependence: Physical Dependence – a condition in which a person develops tolerance & a drug becomes necessary, or the person has withdrawal symptoms. Tolerance – condition in which the body becomes used to a drug & larger amounts are needed to produce the same effect. Drug Dependence: Withdrawal symptoms – unpleasant reactions that occur when a drug is no longer taken. Psychological Dependence – strong desire to continue using a drug for emotional reasons.