Transcript The Rise of China
China’s Changing Role In Asia by Wang Jisi,2004 Wu-Chia-Jung r93341052 The Rise of China The pessimistic view in China: The rise of china will be constrained by U.S. in the world affairs. The Rise of China The sanguine view in China: Earlier, both international political and economic circumstances were favorable. Recent, domestic reform and balanced development as the priorities to enhance China’s international stature. China’s “soft power” for expanding Chinese influence in world affairs. Unlike Japan and Germany before, China today is far from being militarized. “20-year period of strategic opportunities” Regional Security environment Regional Economic Cooperation * The China-U.S. Relationship * (North Korea) * China’s growing military capabilities * The Taiwan Issue * The Japan Issue * Regional Economic Cooperation In the early 1990s, China was not enthusiastic about regional trade arrangement. Now, China’s WTO accession and increasing economic ties with its neighbors will have a great gains. Predictions: China-ASEAN free trade arrangement will rival both the European Union and NAFTA. The promotion of East Asian economic cooperation will be an integral part of China’s regional strategy. * Regional Security environment Pakistan. China-India relations. International terrorism, refugees and illegal immigration. Crime and drug trafficking across Chinese borders. To this extent, China will continue to be a conservative or status quo power in the region. The North Korea Nuclear Issue • Painful historical memories. • Hu Jintao’s proactive posture toward the Korean nuclear issue. • Third priorities: 1.to maintain a nuclear-free Korea. 2.the preservation of peace and stability on the Korean peninsula. 3.to assist North Korea’s economic recovery. * China’s growing military capabilities The best approaches are: First, incresing the transparency of China’s strategic thinking, planning and defense capabilities. Second, strengthening regional security dialogues. * The Taiwan Issue National goal: to achieve reunification with Taiwan. Diplomatic failure. APEC To deter Taiwan from taking adventurous moves toward de jure independence. Two modification since 2001 First,U.S. policy toward the island is not intended to encourge or endorse de jure independence of Taiwan. Senond, the other is based on the reassessment that time is on the mainland’s side in the long run. * The Japan Issue The ongoing momentum of regional economic cooperation featured by ASEAN+3. The Korea nuclear issue. * The China-U.S. relationship: A Dominant Factor. Conclusion The realtionships with the other two major players-the U.S. and Japan are still in flux . The Taiwan problems. The nature of the Chinese polity constitutes a large gap with its Asian neighbors. The choice of value system.