Question - mthsblakepsy

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Transcript Question - mthsblakepsy

Chapter Nine
Consciousness
Question
How many hours of sleep did you have
last night?
a)
b)
c)
d)
Less than 4 hours
4 - 5.99 hours
6 - 8 hours
More than 8 hours
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Answer
Polling question: no correct response
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Question
Do you know anyone who has ever used
a sleep aid to help fall asleep (e.g.,
Ambien, Lunesta, etc.)?
a) Yes
b) No
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Answer
Polling question: no correct response
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Question
You would be groggy and confused if you
were awakened in which of the following
stages of sleep?
a)
b)
c)
d)
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
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Answer
Choice d is correct.
Stage 4 is the deepest stage of slowwave sleep (the term used for stages 3
and 4). It is quite difficult to be awakened
during Stage 4 sleep. If awakened, a
person is likely to be groggy, confused,
and “out of it.” (Chapter 9, Stages of
Sleep section)
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Question
Which of the following is a sleep disorder
that involves a person who stops
breathing hundreds of times each night?
a)
b)
c)
d)
Insomnia
Narcolepsy
Sleep apnea
Somnambulism
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Answer
Choice c is correct.
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which
people briefly but repeatedly stop
breathing during the night. Sufferers
typically feel tired in the morning and tend
to show impaired attention and learning
ability. (Chapter 9, Sleep Disorders
section)
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9|9
Question
Which of the following brain areas
appears to act as the “master switch” or
controller of circadian sleep rhythms?
a)
b)
c)
d)
Suprachiasmatic nuclei
Cerebellum
Locus coeruleus
Superior colliculus
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Answer
Choice a is correct.
The suprachiasmatic nuclei act as a
“master switch” to promote sleep. If
damaged, sleep may be nearly
impossible. (Chapter 9, Why Do People
Sleep? section)
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Question
Which of the following is a biological
explanation for dreams?
a)
b)
c)
d)
Freud’s psychodynamic theory
Watson’s behavioral inhibition theory
Activation-synthesis theory
All of the above are biological
explanations
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Answer
Choice c is correct.
Activation-synthesis theory posits that
dreams are caused by hindbrain arousal
during REM sleep (activation) and cortical
processing (synthesis) of these messages
from the hindbrain. (Chapter 9, Dreams
and Dreaming section)
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Question
Do you know anyone who has had an
alcoholic drink in the past week?
a) Yes
b) No
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Answer
Polling question: no correct response
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Question
Your roommate now drinks six beers per
day to get the effect that he used to get
drinking two beers per day. Your
roommate is showing evidence of
___________.
a)
b)
c)
d)
withdrawal
tolerance
psychological dependence
none of the above
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Answer
Choice b is correct.
Tolerance is a condition in which
increasingly larger drug doses are
required to produce the same effect that
used to be produced with smaller drug
doses. (Chapter 9, The Varying Effects of
Drugs section)
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Question
Alcohol is classified as a __________.
a)
b)
c)
d)
depressant
stimulant
opiate
hallucinogen
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Answer
Choice a is correct.
Alcohol is a depressant. It reduces or
depresses central nervous system
activity, partly by increasing activity of the
inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA.
(Chapter 9, Depressants section)
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Question
Which of the following is NOT an example
of a stimulant?
a)
b)
c)
d)
Amphetamines
Cocaine
Marijuana
MDMA (ecstasy)
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Answer
Choice c is correct.
Marijuana is classified as a hallucinogen.
Amphetamines, cocaine, and MDMA are
all classified as stimulants. (Chapter 9,
Stimulants section)
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Question
Do you know anyone who has used any
of the following drugs in the past month:
amphetamines, cocaine, MDMA?
a) Yes
b) No
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Answer
Polling question: no correct response
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Question
Do you know anyone who has used any
of the following drugs in the past month:
heroin, LSD, ketamine, marijuana?
a) Yes
b) No
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Answer
Polling question: no correct response
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