Impairments - Warren County Public Schools

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Transcript Impairments - Warren County Public Schools

Impairments
Driver’s Education
Coach Jones
Outline for Unit
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Impairment
What are they
 Examples
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Vision
Drugs and Alcohol
Implied Consent
Links
Impairments
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What is the definition of impairment?
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impairment /im·pair·ment/ (im-par´ment) any
abnormality of, partial or complete loss of, or loss of
the function of, a body part, organ, or system
Comes from
http://medicaldictionary.thefreedictionary.com/impairment
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Impairments
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Group Activity
Get into groups of about 4.
 Assign a writer
 Come up with as many impairments that you can
think of and write them down
 Time limit- 3 minutes
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Impairments
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What are the most dangerous impairments that
you listed?
What are the least dangerous?
Would you mind riding with someone who has
any of these impairments?
Why or why not?
Would you consider driving with one of the
listed impairments?
Why or why not?
Vision
(as a physical ability)
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Visual acuity
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A “normal” human being should be able to see when
standing 20 ft away from an eye chart
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If you have 20/20 vision, it means you can stand 20ft away from the
eye chart and see what a “normal” person sees
If you have 20/40 vision, you stand 20 ft away from the chart and see
what “normal” people see from 40 ft
What is legally blind?
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20/200 vision- 20 ft from chart and see what “normal people
see from 200 ft
Vision
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Peripheral Vision
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Field of Vision
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Basically “side vision”
The ability to see object and movement outside of the direct
line of vision
The entire area that can be seen when the eye is directed
forward, including which is seen with peripheral vision
Tunnel Vision
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Loss of peripheral vision and still having central vision,
resulting in narrow or tunnel-like vision
Vision
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Depth Perception
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Night Vision
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The ability to judge the distance of objects and the spatial
relationship of objects at different distances
Being able to see at night
Color Blindness
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A genetic condition that only rarely occurs in women, but
affects about 1 out of 10 men in some degree.
Usually missing the 3 basic color receptors or cones:
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Red, blue, or green
Quick Review
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What is 20/40 vision?
Define impairment.
Give an example of impairment.
What is depth perception?
Alcohol and Drugs
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About half of all accidents are drug/alcohol
related
There are about 22,000 fatalities every year on
the US roadways.
There are about 2 million accidents each year.
There are about 700,000 injuries each year in the
US.
Alcohol and Drugs
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Each Friday and Saturday night, between the
hours of 8pm and 4am, 40% of all alcohol
related fatalities occur.
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The most dangerous time is between 12am and 5am.
WHY?
During that time, 1 in 10 of the drivers will be
intoxicated.
Traffic accidents are the leading cause of death
in 15-24 age group
Alcohol and Drugs
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Alcohol is what type of drug?
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Depressant- slows the body down
Alcohol effects behavior in the following order:
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.02 BAL
judgement and decisions
.04-.05 BAL
coordination effected
.2-.3 BAL
involuntary functions effected such as
respiration, heart rate, temperature regulation
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Possible overdose on alcohol
Can be made worse by mixing with other drugs (Synergy)
A person is intoxicated before outward signs are
apparent. Example is coordination.
Alcohol and Drugs
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BAL –
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BAC –
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Blood Alcohol Level
Blood Alcohol Content
Legal limit of intoxication over 21 is
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.08
Zero Tolerance Level is .02
http://www.brad21.org/bac_charts.html
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In your groups, write down as many factors that effect
a person’s BAL that you can think of.
Alcohol and Drugs
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Alcohol is absorbed through the stomach lining (20%)
and the small intestine (80%) into the bloodstream.
Alcohol is broken down by what organ?
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What is the name of the breaking down of alcohol
called?
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Liver
Oxidation (sobering up)
What is the rate of the process?
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About one drink per hour
Alcohol and Drugs
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What is the only method that will sober you up?
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After you stop drinking, BAC (BAL) increases
then it begins to decrease.
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Time
Why?
All the alcohol should be completely out of the
body within 24 hours.
Implied Consent
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What is Implied Consent?
What is the penalty for refusal?
What are the 3 tests?
Coordination test at scene is NOT a chemical test.
It is called a field sobriety test.
 Caige Estigma Test- how the eyes react to a pen
light. The specific reaction is different when a
person is intoxicated than when a person is sober.
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Links
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Kentucky Transportation Cabinet
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Kentucky DUI laws
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http://drlic.kytc.ky.gov//dui/DUI_laws.htm
States legal limits for BAC
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http://transportation.ky.gov/default2.html
http://www.alcotesters.com/baclimits.htm
Brown University Health Education
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http://www.brown.edu/Student_Services/Health_S
ervices/Health_Education/atod/alc_aayb.htm