Substance Abuse Presentation

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Transcript Substance Abuse Presentation

Meeting
Promoting Self Esteem
• View extra-curricular activities as a way to
encourage exercise and promote self esteem.
• Enjoyment of activities and fitness should be
first priority.
• Improve motor skills
• Enhance self-image and self-esteem
• Promote teamwork and good sportsmanship
• Be positive about accomplishments and failures.
• Role-model expectations
Tobacco Use
A Few Reasons Not To Do It
• Too expensive!
• Clogs up your lungs with smoke and nicotine
• Decreases performance ability
• Causes cancer
• It’s illegal under age of 18
• Makes you smell bad
• Makes your skin wrinkle prematurely
• It’s addictive
Alcohol remains
the leading drug
problem among
our nation’s
youth.
There are
currently 10.4
million underage
drinkers.
4.6 million
teenagers
have a
drinking
problem.
Four percent of
high school
seniors drink
alcohol everyday.
Alcohol related
accidents are the
leading cause of
death among
young people
15 to 24 years
of age.
About one half of
all youthful
deaths in
drowning, fires,
suicide, and
homicide are
alcohol related.
Alcohol use in youth
is associated with
poor performance in
school, truancy, rape,
fights, assaults,
vandalism, and
emotional problems.
Young people who use
alcohol at an early age
are more likely to use
alcohol heavily and to
have alcohol related
problems. They are also
more likely to abuse other
drugs and to get into
trouble with the law.
Young people whose
body weight is lower
than adults reach a
higher blood alcohol
concentration level
than adults and show
greater effects for
longer periods of time.
Myths About Kids & Drinking
• Young people drink to have
a good time.
• Alcohol is less dangerous
than other drugs such as
marijuana, cocaine, or LSD.
Myths About Kids & Drinking
• If I let my child drink at
home, he/she will be less
likely to get into trouble with
alcohol outside the home.
Myths About Kids & Drinking
• So long as my child doesn’t
drive, it’s okay for him or her
to drink.
• Alcohol makes kids feel
good, they can sleep better.
MARIJUANA
Mary Jane, grass, weed
What is it?
• THC (delta-9tetrahydrocannabinol)
• Stimulant with addictive qualities
• Derived from the cannabis plant
•The term “marijuana” refers to the leaves and
flowering tops of the cannabis plant
MARIJUANA
Mary Jane , grass, weed
What else?
• Looks like tobacco
• By 12th grade about half of young Americans
have tried marijuana
• Interpretations of marijuana research may tell
more about one’s own biases than the data
• There are more than 65 proactive chemicals in
THC
MARIJUANA
Mary Jane , grass, weed
Can it kill you?
• Probably not but it may contribute to other
serious health problems
• Some concern for circulation problems
• Increases risk for heart attack
MARIJUANA
Mary Jane , grass, weed
Can it give you cancer?
• Data shows mixed conclusions
• The average joint contains 3 to 10 times the
amount of tar/resin of an average cigarette.
MARIJUANA
Mary Jane , grass, weed
What does marijuana do to the body?
NEGATIVE EFFECTS
• BRAIN—Changes chemistry altering the
neurotransmitter that triggers various types of
signals throughout the nervous system.
• MOOD & BEHAVIOR—Leads to difficulty
in concentration, attention to detail, and
learning new and complex information. Impairs
time perception and short-term memory.
MARIJUANA
Mary Jane , grass, weed
NEGATIVE EFFECTS continued
• HEART—Increases work and has the same
changes found in a person under high stress.
• LUNGS—More irritating than tobacco.
Increased risk of head and neck cancers.
• SEXUAL PERFORMANCE—Reduces
number and quality of sperm and damage
mobility which affects fertility.
• BLOOD FLOW—Decreases blood flow to
limbs.
MARIJUANA
Mary Jane , grass, weed
NEGATIVE EFFECTS continued
• OTHER EFFECTS—Dry mouth and throat,
bloodshot eyes, decreased social inhibitions,
paranoia, hallucinations, lowers your immune
system.
• PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE—
Requires increasingly higher dosage to get the
same effect.
MARIJUANA
Mary Jane , grass, weed
POSITIVE EFFECTS for medical use
• PAIN—An increased sense of euphoria. May
help minimize pain from migraine headaches
and from the spread of cancer.
• EYES—Reduces intra-ocular pressure
helping those afflicted with glaucoma.
• SPASTICITY—Believed to help calm spasms
from spinal cord injury, MS, and possibly
epilepsy.
•MARIJUANA
Mary Jane, grass, weed
POSITIVE EFFECTS for medical use
• STOMACH—Helps restore appetite in people
who have lost weight from cancer or AIDS.
• NAUSEA—Combats nausea from
chemotherapy and helps minimize vomiting.
COCAINE and
CRACK COCAINE
What is it?
• A white powder from the leave of the coca
plant
• A stimulant
• Crack is the smokable form
COCAINE and
CRACK COCAINE
Effects
• Gives a temporary illusion of limitless power
and energy
• Leaves user feeling depressed, edgy and
craving more
• Highly addictive
• Erodes physical and mental health
• Drug dominates all aspects of an addict’s life
COCAINE and
CRACK COCAINE
Physical Effects
• Increases blood pressure, heart and breathing
rate, and body temperature
• May cause a heart attack, stroke, or
respiratory failure even for first-time users
• Brain seizures
• Decreases immune system effectiveness
• Causes hallucinations, confusion, anxiety,
depression, and loss of interest in life in general
COCAINE and
CRACK COCAINE
Physical Effects
• May loose touch with reality
GHB
Liquid G, Georgia home-boy, verve, easy lay
What is it?
• Depressant
• Synthetic
GHB
Liquid G, Georgia home-boy, verve, easy lay
What else?
• Appearance
- Often in a clear liquid form
- Slightly lumpy white power
• Route of administration
- Primarily oral
- Injection
GHB
Liquid G, Georgia home-boy, verve, easy lay
Effects:
• Duration
- QUICK ONSET 5 minutes to 1/2 hour
- 1 to 8+ hour duration
GHB
Liquid G, Georgia home-boy, verve, easy lay
Effects continued:
• Physical effects
- Quick, uncontrollable
- Mimics alcohol intoxication
- Loss of consciousness, coma
- Respiratory distress, death
GHB
Liquid G, Georgia home-boy, verve, easy lay
Effects continued:
• Psychological effects
- Euphoria
- Loss of inhibitions, giddiness
- Amnesia
- Can be addictive
- HAS BEEN USED AS A DATE RAPE
AGENT!
LSD
acid, blotter, windowpane, sugar cubes
What is it?
• Semi-synthetic
• Hallucinogen
• POTENT (20-80 micrograms)
LSD
acid, blotter, windowpane, sugar cubes
What else?
• Appearance
- Blotter paper (absorbent paper)
- Windowpane
- Liquid
- Pills/capsules
- Microdot (3/32 inch)
• Route of administration
- Primarily oral
LSD
acid, blotter, windowpane, sugar cubes
Effects:
• Duration
- 6 to 12+ hours
• Physical effects
- Generally mild, speed-like effects
- Dilated pupils
LSD
acid, blotter, windowpane, sugar cubes
Effects Continued:
• Psychological effects
- UNPREDICTABLE
- Hallucinations
- Thought distortion
- Altered perception of stimuli
LSD
acid, blotter, windowpane, sugar cubes
Other Issues:
• Considered the third most popular drug,
after alcohol and marijuana
• Estimated that 20 million Americans have
tried LSD at some time in their lives
• Today’s LSD is (on average) considered to
be weaker than that of the 1960’s
KETAMINE
Vitamin K, Special K
What is it?
• Animal tranquilizer
• PCP derivative
• Dissociation
KETAMINE
Vitamin K, Special K
What else?
• Appearance
- Medical form-clear, odorless liquid
- White powder
- Tablet
• Route of administration
- Oral, injection (muscles or veins), snorted, smoked
KETAMINE
Vitamin K, Special K
Effects:
• Duration
- 10 minutes to 2+ hours
• Physical effects
- Loss of motor control
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dizziness
- Catatonia
KETAMINE
Vitamin K, Special K
Effects:
• Psychological effects:
-Dissociation
- Hallucinations
- Paranoia
- Amnesia
• Long-term effects:
- Not fully known
ECSTASY
roll, Adam, X, hug drug
What is it?
• Synthetic
• Stimulant with hallucinogenic properties
• Not a designer drug
ECSTASY
roll, Adam, X, hug drug
What else?
• Appearance
- Primarily pill form with a variety of colors
and logos
• Route of Administration
- Usually oral, can also be snorted
ECSTASY
roll, Adam, X, hug drug
Effects:
• Duration
- 4 to 8+ hours
- 1 to 14+ days
ECSTASY
roll, Adam, X, hug drug
Effects continued:
• Physical effects
- jaw tension
- “eye wiggles”
- energy
- dehydration
- severe fever
- potential brain damage and DEATH
Ecstasy
roll, Adam, X, hug drug
Effects continued:
• Psychological effects
- empathy
- feeling of happiness
- enhancement of senses
- paranoia, anxiety, panic attacks
- resurfacing of repressed memories
Anabolic Steroids
What is it?
Synthetic Substances related to the male
hormones (androgens).
Anabolic Steroids
Effects:
Promotes growth of muscle (anabolic effect)
Development of male sexual characteristics
(androgenic effects).
Used by doctors to treat conditions that occur
when the body produces abnormally low
amounts of testosterone.
Positive Effects
To promote growth of muscle
Used by doctors to treat conditions
that occur when the body produces
abnormally low amounts of
testosterone
CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY
An illness occurring when the drug/alcohol
habit impairs one or more of the five major
areas of the individual’s life.
FAMILY
SCHOOL AND WORK
SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
HEALTH
RELATIONSHIPS WITH LEGAL
AUTHORITIES
CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY
LOOK FOR AN INCREASE IN:
- Tardiness to school
- Absences
- Detentions
- Impulsive or bizarre behavior
- Lying and Denial
- Talking with friends about drinking or
drugs
- Isolation from others
CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY
LOOK FOR A DECREASE IN:
- Grades
- Extracurricular activities
- Memory
- “Straight” friends
- Interests
CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY
LOOK FOR A CHANGES IN:
- Attention span or ability to concentrate
- Relationships with teachers/administrators
- Type of friends
- Language (more drug-oriented)
- Personal appearance
- Weight
- Sleep patterns
- Doodling in notebooks now drug related
Some Good Habits of
Effective People
• Be proactive.
• Begin with the end in mind.
• Put first things first.
• Think win – win.
• Seek first to understand then to be
understood.
• Synergize.
• Sharpen the saw.
Love…the Anti-Drug
Spend TIME with your kids. It’s a proven
deterrent to drug use.
LISTEN, really listen.
TALK about their friends, school, and activities.
ASK what they think about things: love, music,
dreams, 9-11, etc.
PRAISE them.
REWARD them.
“ Freedom to be your best
means nothing unless
you’re willing to do your
best.”
Colin Powell
“Raising kids is part joy and
part guerrilla warfare.”
Ed Asner
Elgin High
School:
Sports run the risk of degrading man if it
is not based on and supported by the
human virtues of loyalty, generosity and
respect of the rules of the game an well
as respect for the player
TALK. KNOW. ASK.
PARENTS.
THE ANTI-DRUG.
For information contact us at:
1 -800-788-2800 or
www.theantidrug.com