Safe medication administration

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Transcript Safe medication administration

N402
SAFE MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION
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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW…
What you are giving…
 Why you are giving it…
 Desired effect of the drug…
 Possible side effects…
 Appropriate dose range…
 Potential interactions with other medication…
 And everything else!
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GENERIC VS TRADE NAME
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Generic name chosen by The United States Adoptive
Name (USAN) Council
Doctors and researchers writing about the medication
use the generic name because it doesn't refer to a
particular manufacturer
Trade name is assigned by the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) after drug is approved for use
The company marketing the drug creates the trade
name
Then, drug can be sold under trade or generic name
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GENERIC DRUG VS BRAND-NAME DRUGS
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Generic and brand-name drugs look different
Trademark laws do not allow generics
to look exactly like brand-name drugs
Differences in color, flavor, inactive ingredients
may cause slightly different effects
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Brand-name drugs may be more easily absorbed
Brand-name drugs may cause fewer or less side effects
Main difference is cost
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Generic drugs can cost 30%-80% less than trade name
In 2004 the average price of a generic drug was $28.74 and
the cost of the average brand name drug was $96.01
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USE OF BRAND AND TRADE NAMES
Brand names for drugs are used by physicians
more than the generic names
 Brand names are generally easier to remember
and pronounce
 A physician may only know the name brand drug
 He or she may think that the
generic version is not as
effective
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MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION RECORD
Generally computerized
 Initiated electronically
 May encounter manual
MARs
 Your “signature,” if not
electronic, is now: (e.g.)
“S. Sneed, SN, LAPC”
(First initial, last name, SN,
LAPC)
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5 RIGHTS OF MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION
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6 RIGHTS OF MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION
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7 RIGHTS OF MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION
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8 RIGHTS OF MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION
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10 RIGHTS OF MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION
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12 RIGHTS OF MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION
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JUST KNOW THIS…!
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MEDICATION ERROR CAUSES
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PURPOSES OF MEDICATION ERROR REPORT
Identify situations of risk
 Educate individuals involved
 Provide statistical analysis
 Identify care format in need of change
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WHEN A MEDICATION ERROR OCCURS…
Remain calm
 Report immediately
 React appropriately
 Reduce risk for recurrence
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LABEL INFORMATION
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RECONSTITUTION
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