PUBLISH OR PERISH Writing and Publishing Scientific

download report

Transcript PUBLISH OR PERISH Writing and Publishing Scientific

Manuscript structure
Title/title page
Abstract
Introduction
Methods and materials
Results
Discussion
References
Tables and Figures
What is the most important part of a
scientific article? ...
Journal of the International AIDS Society
www.jiasociety.org
Title
The part most often read
Often the only part read
Short
Specific
Representative
Informative
Journal of the International AIDS Society
Title
Abstract
Main
text
www.jiasociety.org
Title - Exercise
What different types of information does
this title contain?
Effect of multiple micronutrient supplementation
on survival of HIV-infected children in Uganda: a
randomised controlled trial
Journal of the International AIDS Society
www.jiasociety.org
Title
intervention
outcome
Effect of multiple micronutrient supplementation on survival
of HIV-infected children in Uganda: a randomised controlled
trial
setting
design
cohort
Ndeezi et al, JIAS 2010
Journal of the International AIDS Society
www.jiasociety.org
Abstract
• Main problems encountered by editors:
– Inconsistent 
– Incomplete 
Title
• Brief summary
• Complete
– Background
– Experimental design
– Major findings
– Conclusion
• Stand alone
• Consistent with the paper
Journal of the International AIDS Society
Abstract
Main
text
www.jiasociety.org
Introduction - Exercise
In which order would you place these
sentences in your introduction?
– A
Although a more strategic monitoring for ART efficacy is now
also recommended, virological monitoring is still not feasible for
the majority of patients
– B
Here we describe virological outcome and emergence of drug
resistance in a cross-sectional study
– C
Implementation of ART is recognized as a public health priority
in resource-limited countries
– D
It is thus important to evaluate the outcome and effectiveness
of ART programmes in routine care settings
… And why?
Journal of the International AIDS Society
www.jiasociety.org
C Implementation of ART is recognized as
a public health priority in resource-limited
countries
A Although a more strategic monitoring for
ART efficacy is now also recommended,
virological monitoring is still not feasible for
the majority of patients
D
It is thus important to evaluate the
outcome and effectiveness of ART
programmes in routine care settings
B
Here we describe virological outcome
and emergence of drug resistance in a
cross-sectional study
Journal of the
Society
Dagnra
etInternational
al, JIASAIDS
2011
www.jiasociety.org
Introduction: What was your question?
• Background – context for understanding the question
• Challenge – nature and importance of knowledge gap
• Question – underlying research
• Forecasting – mini-summary for readers
 Problem: the reason for the study is not clear
Funnel-shaped, from general to specific
Journal of the International AIDS Society
www.jiasociety.org