Chapter 3

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Transcript Chapter 3

Chapter 3
Community Prevention
Partnerships and
Collaborations
Center for Substance Abuse
Prevention (CSAP)
 Created
by Anti-Drug Abuse Act 1986.
 Focus is to prevent alcohol, tobacco, and
other drug(ATOD) problems nationwide.
 Primarily focused on influencing attitudes
and practices of ___________________.
 Target group includes “high risk youth”
whose environment or lifestyle puts them
at high risk of developing problems.
“high risk youth”-CSAP
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Economically disadvantaged youth
School drop outs or those at risk of drop out
Pregnant teenagers or teenage parents
Children of alcoholics or substance users
___________________________
Runaway or homeless youth
Abused or neglected youth
_____________________
Users of gateway drugs (alcohol, tobacco,
marijuana)
Assessing Community
Readiness
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What risk factors are present?
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Transient population
Norms supporting drug use
Drug dealing/ crime
Absence of alternatives
What drugs are being abused?
Who is abusing?
Where does drug abuse take place?
What data is available about the nature and
extent of local drug problem?
Others listed on page 81
Factors Associated with
Readiness
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Problem definition
Recognition of the problem by community
Existence of and access to resources
__________________________
Energy to mobilize and sustain prevention
Networking with and support of stakeholders
Talent and leadership structure
Community Partnerships
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A “systems” approach to prevention
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Prevention efforts made through coalitions and
collaborations within the community
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Health services
____________________________
Law enforcement
Judicial organizations
Treatment services
Business community
Government agencies
________________________
Recreational organizations
Community Action Groups
 _________________________________________
_____________________________________
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MADD
STIK
WRAP
DADD
Desirable Prevention Strategies
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Comprehensive vision covering all segments
of the community and all aspects of
community life
A wide sharing of this vision, agreed upon by
groups and citizens across the community
____________________________________________
_________________________________________
Avoidance or resolution of severe conflict
that might reflect misunderstandings about a
partnerships basic purpose
Desirable Prevention Strategies
 Decentralized
units, encouraging
participation and action at small area or
neighborhood levels
 Non disruptive staff turnover of a
reasonable rate
 Extensive prevention activities and
support for local prevention policies
Four Types of Communities
 _______________
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Middle or working class communities where
substance abuse problems are newly rising.
 Best
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Approaches
High awareness activities
Coordination activities
Policy action
Four Types of Communities
 _______________
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Resources poor communities where
substance abuse problems are newly rising.
 Best
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Approaches
Policy action
Creation of prevention infrastructures
Four Types of Communities
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Type C
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______________________________________________
______________________________________________
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Best Approaches
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Policy action
Creation of prevention infrastructures
Reduce antagonisms between residents and
service providers
Resident mobilization
Activities to restrict the supply of drugs
Four Types of Communities
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D
Communities where drug production is an
implicit part of the community economy.
 Best
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Approaches
Reduce mixed messages
Activities to restrict the supply of drugs
Prevention Activities and
Policies
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Awareness activities
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Program activities
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Press releases, posters, and pamphlets
Fundraisers
Media announcements
Alternative programs for youth
Media campaigns
Employment programs
Workplace programs
______________________________________________________
Coordination of community organizations
Prevention Policies
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Gun/ free drug school zone
Local control of liquor licenses
School substance abuse and weapons suspension policies
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Pre employment and random drug testing