What do HIV & AIDS stand for?

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Transcript What do HIV & AIDS stand for?

What do HIV and AIDS
stand for?
7/17/2015
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency
Virus
AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency
Syndrome
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What is the difference between
HIV and AIDS?
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HIV - The virus that causes AIDS
AIDS
– When an HIV infected person has less
than 200 T4 cells (Healthy adults have
1,000 or more)
– When an HIV infected person has 1 or
more of 26 clinical conditions
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How does the HIV virus affect
your body?
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Kills T4 cells
Because the T4 cell count is low,
the body is unable to fight off
“opportunistic diseases”
People usually die from an
opportunistic disease, not AIDS
Common Opportunistic diseases:
– Kaposi’s Sarcoma - Cancer
– Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP)
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What are the Initial signs and
symptoms of a HIV infection?
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Flu like illness within a month or two of infection
– Fever
– Headache
– Malaise
– Swollen Lymph Nodes
– Fatigue
Commonly mistaken for some other type of
infection or virus
Can remain asymptomatic for ten years
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What are some signs & symptoms
and complications when someone
develops AIDS?
 S&S
– lack of energy, swollen lymph nodes,
weight loss, frequent fevers, sweats ,
skin rashes, STD’s
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Complications
– Opportunistic diseases
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What are the methods of
transmission for the HIV virus?
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Most common - sexual contact
Infected blood
Sharing needles or syringes
During pregnancy or birth
Breast milk
Having a STD will increase the
chance of acquiring HIV during sex
with an infected partner
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What is a method of prevention
for each mode of transmission?
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Sexual Contact - Abstinence or Condom
Infected blood - Universal precautions
Needles - Abstinence, no sharing or
cleaning
Pregnancy and birth - C Section or use of
AZT
Breast milk - Bottle feed or AZT
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How do you treat HIV/AIDS?
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Early detection
Drug treatment
– 1st - Reverse transcriptase inhibitors interrupt virus replication (AZT)
– 2nd - Protease inhibitors - interrupt virus
replication at a later step in life cycle
– Also - Specialized drugs to fight common
opportunistic diseases especially PCP
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Psychological treatment
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What are some tests for the HIV
virus?
 Antibody
tests
–ELISA
–Western Blot
 Blood
test
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AIDS Memorial Quilt
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Started in 1987
# of Panels
44,000
Last displayed in
entirety in 1996
Raised over
$3,000,000 for
AIDS
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