Transcript What do HIV & AIDS stand for?
What do HIV and AIDS stand for? 7/17/2015 HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome home back next What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? HIV - The virus that causes AIDS AIDS – When an HIV infected person has less than 200 T4 cells (Healthy adults have 1,000 or more) – When an HIV infected person has 1 or more of 26 clinical conditions 7/17/2015 home back next How does the HIV virus affect your body? 7/17/2015 Kills T4 cells Because the T4 cell count is low, the body is unable to fight off “opportunistic diseases” People usually die from an opportunistic disease, not AIDS Common Opportunistic diseases: – Kaposi’s Sarcoma - Cancer – Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP) back home next What are the Initial signs and symptoms of a HIV infection? 7/17/2015 Flu like illness within a month or two of infection – Fever – Headache – Malaise – Swollen Lymph Nodes – Fatigue Commonly mistaken for some other type of infection or virus Can remain asymptomatic for ten years home back next What are some signs & symptoms and complications when someone develops AIDS? S&S – lack of energy, swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, frequent fevers, sweats , skin rashes, STD’s Complications – Opportunistic diseases 7/17/2015 home back next What are the methods of transmission for the HIV virus? 7/17/2015 Most common - sexual contact Infected blood Sharing needles or syringes During pregnancy or birth Breast milk Having a STD will increase the chance of acquiring HIV during sex with an infected partner home back next What is a method of prevention for each mode of transmission? Sexual Contact - Abstinence or Condom Infected blood - Universal precautions Needles - Abstinence, no sharing or cleaning Pregnancy and birth - C Section or use of AZT Breast milk - Bottle feed or AZT 7/17/2015 home back next How do you treat HIV/AIDS? Early detection Drug treatment – 1st - Reverse transcriptase inhibitors interrupt virus replication (AZT) – 2nd - Protease inhibitors - interrupt virus replication at a later step in life cycle – Also - Specialized drugs to fight common opportunistic diseases especially PCP 7/17/2015 Psychological treatment home back next What are some tests for the HIV virus? Antibody tests –ELISA –Western Blot Blood test 7/17/2015 home back next AIDS Memorial Quilt 7/17/2015 Started in 1987 # of Panels 44,000 Last displayed in entirety in 1996 Raised over $3,000,000 for AIDS home back next