Transcript scientific methods
Scientific Methods Scientific Methods The Italian Physicist Galileo Galilei and the English philosopher Francis Bacon are usually credited as the principal founders of the Scientific Method. A Method that is extremely effective in gaining, organizing, and applying new knowledge. Scientific Methods 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Recognize a problem. Make an educated guess – a Hypothesis – about the answer. Predict the consequences of the hypothesis. Design and perform experiments to test predictions. Formulate the simplest general rule that organizes the three main ingredients: hypothesis, prediction, and experimental outcome. * Important Although this cookbook method has a certain appeal, it is not the universal key to the discoveries and advances in science. Trial and error, experimentation with guessing, data mining, and even accidents account for much of the advances in science. Scientific Discovery The success of science has more to do with an attitude common to scientists than with a particular method. This attitude is one of inquiry, experimentation, and humility before the facts.