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Transcript Delmar/Cengage Learning

Chapter 6
Equipment Used in Dosage Measurement
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Medicine Cup
• May include metric, household, and
apothecary measures
– 30 milliliters = 1 ounce
– 5 milliliters = 1 teaspoon
– 15 milliliters = 1 tablespoon
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Medicine Cup
Delmar/Cengage Learning
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Calibrated Dropper
• Useful in:
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Medicating children and adults
Adding small quantities to liquid
Administering small quantities
Dispensing eye and ear medications
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Calibrated Dropper
Delmar/Cengage Learning
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Pediatric Oral Devices
• Used with oral medications for children
– Do not use syringes intended for injections when
administering oral medications
• Teach caregivers to use correctly
• Oral syringes do not have Luer-lock hub
– Have cap on tip
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Pediatric Oral Devices
Delmar/Cengage Learning
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Parenteral Medication Administration
• Used to identify route of administration by
injection
• Includes syringes and intravenous (IV)
catheters
• Must use principles of rounding to ensure safety
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
3 mL Syringe
• Calibrations read from top to black ring of
suction plunger
• Calibrated in milliliters for each tenth
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
3 mL Syringe
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Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
3 mL Syringe
Luer-lock syringe hub
Needle
Barrel
Plunger
Rubber plunger tip
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Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Prefilled Single-Dose Syringe
• Contains usual single-dose of medication
• Used only once
– Discarded
• Discard any extra medication prior to injection
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
U-100 Insulin Syringe
• Used only to measure and administer insulin
– Do not use with any other medications
• May be standard 100 unit or Lo-dose 100 unit
(for smaller doses)
– Lo-dose syringes have 50-unit or 30-unit capacity with
single unit calibration
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
U-100 Insulin Syringe
Delmar/Cengage Learning
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
1 mL Syringe
• Also known as tuberculin or TB syringe
• Used to administer small doses
– Less than 0.5 mL
• Calibrated in hundredths of a milliliter
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
1 mL Syringe
Delmar/Cengage Learning
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Safety Syringes
• Needle protected by shield
• Used to protect from injury
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Safety Syringes
Courtesy of Becton, Dickinson and Company
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Safety Syringes
Courtesy of Becton, Dickinson and Company
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Intravenous Syringe
• Used to prepare medication for IV
administration
• Examine calibrations and select best syringe
based on volume needed
• Typically, needle removed from syringe
– Needleless system administers drug through IV tubing
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Needleless Syringe System
• Used to prevent needlesticks during IV
medication administration
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Needleless Syringe System
Courtesy of Becton, Dickinson and Company
Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.