Drugs - My CCSD

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Transcript Drugs - My CCSD

Drugs
Chap 23
Definitions
•
Medicines
– Are drugs that are used to treat or prevent
disease or other conditions.
•
Drugs
– Substances other than food that
change the structure or function of the
body or mind.
Types of drugs
• Prescription ( Rx)
• Over the counter (OTC)
• Illegal
• Illegal vs. illicit
• Illicit drugs are drugs that are illegally
owned
Medicines can be sorted into four
broad categories: Medicines that
–Help prevent disease
–Fight pathogens
–Relieve pain
–Help maintain or restore health
Medicines that prevent disease
• Vaccines
– Preparation introduced into the body to
stimulate an immune response.
– Flu shot
Medicines that promotes health
• Allergies
– Antihistamines, Claritin
• Body regulation
–
–
–
–
Insulin used to treat diabetes
Inhalers
Blood pressure meds
antidepressants,---paxil
Effects on the body w/ medicine &
drugs
• Side effects
– Adverse reactions
• Addictive interaction
– When medicines work together in a positive way. , joint
pain
• Synergistic effect
– Interaction of two or more medicines are taken alone,
– It increases the strength of the other
• Tolerance
• Withdrawal
Types of Drugs
Stimulants: Excite Depressants: Calm/Slow
CNS
down CNS
Ex.: Amphetamines Ex.: Alcohol
Methamphetamines Ex.: Tranquilizers
Ex.:
Barbiturates*
(crank, ice,
*(mix w/alcohol = DEATH)
speed)
Ex.: Cocaine/Crack
Ex.: Tobacco (has 43
Cancer causing
chemicals)
More types of drugs
Hallucinogens:
Alter Moods and Thoughts
Ex.: Morphine (painkiller)
Ex.: Phencyclidine (PCP)
Ex.: Codeine
“Angel Dust”
(cough suppressant)
Ex.: Lysergic Acid
Ex.: Heroin
Diethylamide (LSD)
aka “Smack”
“Acid”
(no medicinal purpose)
Ex.: Mescaline (Peyote
Cactus)
Ex.: Psilocybin Mushrooms
All Highly Addictive!
“Shrooms”
Narcotics: Slow CNS
More types of drugs
Anabolic Steroids: (from
Products that may excite Testosterone)
or depress the CNS
Increase muscle size
Inhaling: Intentional breathing “Roid Rage”
in of gas/vapors to get high
Issues:, Hair Loss, Heart
Problem: Easy Access
disease,, Extremely bad ACNE,
-Air fresheners –Freon
man breast,
-spray paint –correction fluid
Inhalants: Legal
-aerosol cans ( and more)
“Sudden Sniffing Death
Syndrome”
Designer Drugs: (Imitate)
-Imitate narcotics &
Hallucinogens
Ex.: Ecstasy (MDMA)
[Mescaline and
Methamphetamines]
Marijuana
• Main active ingredient
– Tetrahydrocannabinol
– Contains 421 different chemicals
– Can be known as the Gateway drug
– Carries same health risk as smoking tobacco
What is the most commonly used
drug among teenagers?
• Alcohol
What is a fatal reaction to the use
of a drug?
• Overdose
Reason for Illicit Drug Use
•
•
•
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peer pressure
Family
Role models (athletes)
Media
Consequences of Illicit Drug Use
• Overdose - strong sometimes fatal
reaction taking a drug.
• STI’s 65% of them are caused during drug
or alcohol induced sex
• pregnancy
• Mental/emotional problems
• Social problems (crime)
– Being sued
Consequences
• Crime – stealing the drug to pay for
addiction
• Effects on offspring
Getting Help
• friends, parents, teachers
• Outpatient facility
• Individual or group counseling
• Short term facility
• Up to 8 weeks staying in a facility like juvenile hall but from a
medical perspective
• Maintenance therapy
• AA
• Therapeutic communities
– 6- 12 months long history of drug abuse, usually last
resort