Transcript Anabolic Steroids - U of L Class Index
Anabolic Steroids By: Chris Leuzinger & Jeff Wiebe-Connolly Anabolic-Androgenic Hormones: What Are They? Ergogenic Substances: are performance enhancing drugs and dietary supplements Drug: a substance that changes the body’s structure or function Steroid: is a drug, and it is commonly used/abused as an artificial source of testosterone Absorption There are two different ways that steroids are administered: - Injection - Orally Ingested * As a general rule, injectable steroids are more potent than orally administered steroids because of their route of delivery. * Testosterone Anabolic steroids function in a manner similar to testosterone, the chief male hormone Testosterone interacts directly with muscle tissue. Once inside the cell, it activates the androgen receptors which stimulates the nucleus and the protein synthesis process. Increasing satellite cell sensitivity to IGF-1 and FGF, promoting proliferation and differentiation Injectable Steroids Chemical names Common names Testosterone Esters Nandrolone Esters Stanozolol Methenolone Enanthate Boldenone Undecylenate Trenbolone Acetate Delatestryl, Sustanon Deca-Durabolin Strombaject Primobolan-Depot Parenabol Parabolan Orally Active Steroids Chemical names Common names Methandrostenolone Oxandrolone Stanozolol Oxymetholone Fluoxymesterone Methyltestosterone Mesterolone Dianabol Anavar Winstrol Anadrol Halotestin Oreton-M Proviron Side Effects Positive Effects: - Hypertrophy - Physical performance - RBC production in patients with anemia - Body fat %age - Strength - Rehabilitation time Negative Effects - Depression - Violent behavior aka. Roid rage - Bad breath - Cancer causing - Heart attack & Stroke - Abdominal pain - Possible infertility Males vs. Females Males - Testicular atrophy - Severe acne - Voice-deepening - Gynecomastia (male breast development) aka. ‘bitch tits’ - Baldness Females - Menstrual dysfunction - Severe acne - Enlarged clitoris - Breast size - Hirsutism (excessive hair growth in unusual places) - Baldness - Deepening of voice Many effects of steroids are irreversible Example of Gynecomastia Signs of Anabolic Steroid Use/Abuse Unusual enlargement of muscle groups - Esp. Traps and Delts Substantial strength gains Substantial hypertrophy Psychological changes - I.e. Muscle dysmorphia A positive drug test is the only way to know for sure! Questions???