First Nation Peoples

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Transcript First Nation Peoples

PowerPoint Presentation Brought To By:
Haley Seiba, Ariana Castillo, Finn Burns
And Esteban Cepeda
Main Ideas
 Canada is highly industrialized and urbanized, with
one of the world’s most developed economies.
 Canadians are a diverse people.
Key Terms
 First Nation Peoples- The Native Americans who
lived in Canada.
 Metis- A group of mixed French and Native
American cultures.
 Reserve- Public land set aside by the government.
A Diverse Economy:
Canada’s Exports
 Canada is one of the richest countries in the world; it is highly
industrialized and urbanized.
 Farming, logging, mining, and fishing are important Canadian
industries; while on 5% of the land is used to farm food.
 Uranium, zinc, gold, and silver are just a few of the minerals
Canada exports to the world. Canada is also a leading exporter
of oil.
 Fishing is also an economic activity of Canada, but overfishing
is causing fish populations to decline.
Manufacturing in
 About 13 percent of Canadians earn their living from
manufacturing. Their efforts account for about one-eighth
of the nation’s GDP.
 Automobiles, steel, household appliances, electronics, and
high-tech and mining equipment are just some of the
products Canada manufactures.
 Most of the manufacturing is done in the Canadian
heartland, which reaches from Quebec City, Quebec, to
Windsor, Ontario.
Service Industry
 Canada’s service industries are the country’s real economic
powerhouse. In fact, more than 70 percent of the GDP comes
from service industries. Those industries employ more
Canadians than all other industries combined.
 Service industries include finance, utilities, trade,
transportation, tourism, com-munications, insurance, and real
 Canada’s natural beauty has made tourism one of the fastest
growing of the service industries. At the beginning of the 21st
century, the Canadian tourism industry employed a higher
percentage of workers than those who were engaged in
A Land of Many
 From its earliest settlement, Canada has been a land of
diverse cultures. The first settlers were the Inuit and the
First Nations peoples who came after the last Ice Age.
 Many thousands of years later, the English and French
arrived, bringing their languages and traditions with
 Metis- A group of people who were of mixed French and
Native American Cultures
Languages and
 Canada is officially a bilingual country. It has an Englishspeaking majority and a French-speaking minority.
 As the English and the French settled Canada, their
different cultures became a source of conflict. The English
were largely Protestant, and the French were Roman
 Religious and cultural conflicts between the two groups
have continued over the years.
Settlement of Canada
 Settlement patterns in Canada have always been
influenced by the country’s harsh environment and
the accessibility of transportation routes.
 Most Canadians live along the U.S. Border, which is
about 10% of the land.
The Canadian
 Mostly comprised of men, the Canadian workforce is
mostly in service, at more than 75%. Manufacturing
accounts for about 13%
 In 1998, 52% of the workforce were men, 48% were
Canada & The Arts
 The earliest Canadian literature was born in the oral
traditions of the First Nations peoples. Later, the writings
of settlers, missionaries, and explorers led French and
English influences to literature.
 The early visual arts included the carvings of the Inuit
and the totem poles of the First Nations peoples of the
West Coast. The artistry of the Inuit carvings has been
evident since prehistoric times. Inuit carvers used ivory,
whalebone, and soapstone to carve figurines of animals
and people.
Canadians & Sports
 Canada has basketball, baseball, and hockey teams
that play professionally in U.S. Leagues.
 Canada also has their own football league.
*American Football