File - Galway Atlantaquaria

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Transcript File - Galway Atlantaquaria

Produced as part of the Galway Atlantaquaria
Renewable Ocean Energy Series, funded by the SFI
Discover Programme 2015.
Renewable Ocean in
Ireland
The Real Map of Ireland
• Ireland’s marine
territory extends
far beyond our
coastline up to
220 million acres
(approx. 880,000
km2) , an area
more than 10
times our land
mass
An all island Electricity grid
•
One of Irelands problems is it does not have enough
efficient power plants on the grid to support economic
growth.
•
A Solution to this problem is to integrate the Northern
Ireland and Republic of Ireland grids.
•
This would create a Single Electricity Market(SEM) or central
pool, from which companies can purchase electricity to
be sold to their customers.
How is electricity price determined
•
The wholesale electricity market in Ireland is operated by
an organisation called SEMO, Single Electricity Market
Operator.
•
It is regulated by the Central Electricity Regulator , but the
grid itself is operated by Eirgrid.
•
Each day the grid operator issues a forecast of the amount
of electricity needed at particular times
•
The power stations submit a bid price (marginal cost)
•
In addition, the power stations are paid annual capacity
payments to enable them to cover the capital costs of
building generators.
Renewable on the grid
•
Certain tariffs were introduced for different forms of
renewable energy called REFIT (Renewable Energy Feed in
Traiff)
•
Under REFIT the Energy Regulator annually decides on an
amount of money to put into a fund to pay REFIT.
•
Under the REFIT tariff a floor price is decided for wind
energy, currently 5.7c a unit.
Dispatching Electricity
•
Every day the market operator SEMO issues its projected
demand for the following day and asks the generator’s to
bid their marginal cost and availability for half hourly
blocks.
•
The operator then checks the wind forecast to see if wind
will be on the grid . SEMO then pass this theoretically
cheapest dispatch plan to EirGrid.
•
EirGrid carry out the planned dispatch making adjustments
in real time for demand.
•
The system works flawlessly 99.995% of the time.
What’s wrong with the grid
• Fossil fuel power plants, like Moneypoint
take a long time to power back up if
switched off
• Wind Energy Sources are mostly on the
west coast, but there is hardly any high
energy voltage lines on the west coast a
present to transfer energy to the east cost
where it is needed.
• Energy storage is very small with pumped
storage being the main concept being
developed on the grid at present.
Ireland’s Blue Economy
• Ireland Blue Economy contributed an
estimated €1.4bn to GDP last year
(figure estimated by NUI Galway’s
Socio-Economic Marine Research
Unit (SEMRU) and Teagasc).
• It is performing (on average) better
than the general economy with up to
9% growth over the last five years.
With an estimated turnover of €4.5bn
Harnessing our Ocean Wealth - utilising
our Blue Economy
•
In 2012, the Harvesting our Ocean Wealth
(HOOW)- An integrated Marine Plan for Ireland
was published.
•
In has three main goals:
1.
Thriving Maritime Economy
2.
Healthy Ecosystems
3.
Engaging with the Sea
Areas for Action for HOOW
•
Food from the Sea
•
•
Energy from the Sea
•
•
Such as the Wild Atlantic Way and cruise ship tourism
Enterprise & Industry
•
•
Renewable energy and offshore oil and gas production
Tourism and Business in Marine and Coastal Areas
•
•
New types of aquaculture and marine bio-technologies
New marine services such as ocean yacht racing, ship design
Integrated Marine Capacity and Capability
Marine Careers
•
Marine Biologist
•
Divers/ Diving instructors
•
Aquarist
•
Underwater photographers
•
Fishing and Aquaculture
•
Underwater Archaeologist
•
Oceanography
Maritime Industry Naval Archite
•
Marine Meteorologist
•
•
Surveyors
•
Offshore and Onshore Marine
Engineers
•
ROV(Engineers/ Pilot
technicians)
•
Marine Economist
•
Maritime IT personnel
•
Researchers, Education
Energy Careers
Energy Engineers- (Bioenergy,
Wind, Marine, Solar….)
•
Transport Engineers
•
Civil Engineers
•
Data Collection/Analysts
•
Mechanical Engineers
•
Soft ware Engineers
•
Electrical Engineers
•
Grid Engineers
•
Plant/ Site Operators
•
•
Quantity Surveyors
•
Environmental Engineers
•
Manufacturing Engineers
•
Lecturers/ Researchers
•
Composite Engineers
•
Policy Assessors
•
Chemical Analyst
•
Nuclear Engineers….
•
Feasibility Assessors
Programmes to help people get
involved.
•
Marine Institute Employment and Training Programmes
•
The National Maritime College of Ireland
•
SMART- providing practical , bespoke, Research Vessel based training.
•
Naval Service
•
SmartBay Research internship Programme
•
Masters and PhD Programmes
•
Explorers Education Programme
•
Infomar -Transition Year Pilot scheme
•
Regional Marine, and Science and Technology Festivals
•
BIM’s Science Lesson on “Managing Our Marine Resources”
Areas of Action for
the Marine
Renewables Sector
Check out
www. oceanenergyireland.ie
for more infomation