ASSD-sut egypt 2016

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Transcript ASSD-sut egypt 2016

SUPPLY AND USE TABLES
IN EGYPT
Suzan Ali Moussa
General Manager of National Account
CAPMAS, Egypt
A-Introduction
1 -The Structure of Supply and Use Tables.
2-The tasks carried out by National Accounts Department.
3- working plan of National Accounts department in CAPMAS.
4-THE Methodology.
5- supply and Use Ssystem.
6- SUT issues in CAPMAS.
1-The Structure of Supply and Use Tables
These tables Display the supply and use of Goods and
services classified by activities that produced or
consumed these goods and services Business sector,
oHousehold sector
oGovernment sector
oIn addition to the two accounts of the transactions
with the outside world
2-The tasks carried out by the General Department of
National Accounts at CAPMAS.
 Labor force: the department consists of 13 person
 the general department of national accounts in CAPMAS starting
to compile SUT as a first time to compile this tables in Egypt at
September 2010 using (SNA 1993).
SUTs are compiled by CAPMAS National accounts team in
.
coordination with the national accounts’ experts

CAPMAS compiled SUTs for the first time for 2008 / 2009.
 SUTs are prepared in Egypt according to the SNA 1993 concepts
and definitions.
 SUTs were prepared at basic prices and transformed to symetric
IOTs according to the SNA 1993 Input-Output Manual, published
by United Nation.
3- working plan of National Accounts department in
CAPMAS.
Compiling the final matrix of Supply and Use table.
Compiling the final matrix of Input Output
table.
Compiling SAM matrix.
4-THE Methodology
 We designed the supply and use table by using CPC for
rows, and ISIC for columns, according to available data.
 The Supply Matrix consists of 98 row (Goods and services)
* 87 column (Economic activities in 2 digit) at basic price.
 The Use Matrix consists of 104 row (Goods and services)
*86 column (Economic activities in 2 digit) at consumer
price.
5- Supply and Use System
Supply and use system incorporates the following tables:
 Supply table at basic prices, including a transformation into
purchasers’ prices
 Use table at purchasers’ prices
 Valuation matrices
Trade and transport margins
Taxes less subsidies on products
 Supply table at basic prices
 Use table of domestic output at basic prices
 Use table of imports at basic prices
6- SUT issues in CAPMAS.
SUT, IOT 2008/2009
SUT, IOT 2010/2011
SUT, IOT 2012/2013
B- (Supply and Use Tables )
1- Methodology : Supply Table
2- Methodology : Use table
3- classifications are used
4- Data Sources
5- Calculation methods used in GDP Estimates
6- Prices in National Accounts
( SUTs )
SUTs are compiled by production, expenditure and income
approaches.
The system consists of the following elements:
 Value added by kind of economic activity at current
prices,
 Expenditure on GDP at current prices,
 GDP by cost components at current prices.
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1- Methodology : Supply Table
It shows the supply of goods and services produced and by type of
supplier distinguishing output by domestic industries and imports.
ISIC .4 classification is used for industries, CPC1.1 classification is
used for products.
The rows of this table shows products and columns shows
industries.
Domestic Production
+ Imports
= Total Resources
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2- Methodology : Use table
Intermadiate Consumption + Final consumption expenditure of
Household + Final consumption expenditure of general government
+ Gross fixed capital formation + Change in stocks + Exports =
TOTAL USES
Use table has three quadrant.
Intermediate Consumption
Final demand
Value Added components
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2- Methodology : Use table (cont)
Intermediate consumption shows purchases by industry of
products in order to produce their output.
Final demand categories show the final consumption expenditures
by household, government and non-profit institutions serving
households, gross fixed capital formation, changes in inventories and
goods and services exports.
Value added components shows the costs of each industry in term of
factor costs, for example compensation of employees, other net
taxes on production, consumption of fixed capital.
3- classifications are used
International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC 4).
Central products classification (CPC 1.1).
Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose
(COICOP).
Classification of the Functions of Government
(COFOG).
Classification of Foreign trade (HS).
4- Data Sources
All data used in national accounts is collected from
enterprises and/or establishments by using full
enumeration and/or sampling survey methods.
4- Data Sources
(cont’d)
 Sources from inside CAMAS.
 Periodically Economic Surveys
 Labor force: Quarterly survey using sample consists (21000
household).
 Income and Expenditure survey : every tow years and last one
was 2014-2015
 Censuses : Economic Census
 An annual releases : (Agricultural – industry- trade - Building and
Construction – transportation ……).
4- Data Sources
(cont’d)
 external sources
 Balance of Payment and data related to financial sector from Central
Bank.
 The Final Budget of The government (Ministry of Finance).
5- Calculation methods used in GDP Estimates
EXPENDITURE APPROACH
GDP by expenditure approach consists of following items:
Final consumption expenditure by households
by NPISH
by government
Gross fixed capital formation
Changes in inventory
Net exports.
5- Calculation methods used in GDP Estimates (cont’d)
EXPENDITURE APPROACH
Household and NPISH final consumption expenditure
Main data sources for households consumption expenditure is
Income , Expenditure and Consumption Household survey
, conducted by CAPMAS every tow years using COICOP.
Household consumption consists of all expenditure of
households on goods and services by using commodity flow
methods. Consumption may take place both in domestic and
abroad, so that tourist expenditure and expenditure of
diplomats and military personnel abroad are included.
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5- Calculation methods used in GDP Estimates (cont’d)
EXPENDITURE APPROACH
Government final consumption expenditure
Government sector consists of three sub-sectors.
Central government (general and annexed budget)
Local government,
Social security,
Revolving funds institutions.
Data are based on the results of analytical budget developed by
Ministry of Finance. This system has economic, functional and
institutional coding system at detailed level.
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5- Calculation methods used in GDP Estimates (cont’d)
EXPENDITURE APPROACH
Gross fixed capital formation
Calculations are based on two main types of assets, machinery and
equipment, and construction according to the domestic and
imported goods.
Data are collected from the results of analytical budget, general
and annexed budget institutions for public gross fixed capital
formation. Data for private gross fixed capital formation is
estimated by using the results of private and investment sector’s
bulletin .
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5- Calculation methods used in GDP Estimates (cont’d)
EXPENDITURE APPROACH
Changes in inventories
Changes in inventories are mainly based on statistics collected
directly from enterprises by SBS questionnaires. The inquiries cover
mining and manufacturing, distribution and energy products.
Changes in inventories in the service industries are obtained
annually from the Business statistics.
5- Calculation methods used in GDP Estimates (cont’d)
EXPENDITURE APPROACH
Export and imports of goods and services
Data on exports and imports of goods and services are specified in
accordance with the product classification used in the product
accounting system and are compiled at the same level of detail as
the monthely and annual calculations.
Data of goods are collected from Foreign trade statistics by HS
classification and correspondence tables including CPC.
Data for services are taken from Balance of Payment statistics
produced by the Central Bank of Egypt.
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6- Prices in National Accounts
Supply-use tables and input-output tables can be valued at basic
prices or producer’s prices with produced goods and services values.
SNA 93 suggest accounts at basic prices
Tables at producer’s prices can be converted at a basic prices by
using matrix of taxes less subsidies on products.
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6- Prices in National Accounts
(cont’d)
There are three types prices in the system.
Basic prices: The basic price is the amount receivable by producer
from the purchaser for a unit of a good or service produced as
output minus any tax payable and plus any subsidy receivable, on
that unit as a sequence of its production or sale.
Producers’ prices:The producer’s price may exceed the basic price
by the amount of the value of any taxes less subsidies on the
product.
Purchasers’ prices: The purchaser buys directly from the producer,
the purchaser’s price may exceed the producer’s price by the
amount of the values trade and transport margins.
6- Prices in National Accounts (cont’d)
Purchaser’s prices
Minus
Non-deductible VAT
Minus
Trade and Transport margins
Equal
Producer Prices
Minus
Taxes on the products (excl. VAT)
Plus
Subsidies on the products
Equal
Basic Prices
6- Prices in National Accounts (cont’d)
While intermediate consumption and final demand items are always
valued at purchaser’prices, goods and services produced by an
industry is valued at basic prices
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