CFEWE no.4

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Transcript CFEWE no.4

Industrial Transformation (IT)
Project of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP)
IT Research Project
“Carbon Flows between Eastern & Western Europe”
(CFEWE)*
IHDP
“Case Studies: The Czech Republic, the Republic of Poland and the Russian Federation”
The Czech Republic, Republic of Poland and the Russian Federation began transitions to a market economy during the late 1980s and early
1990s. This transition was marked by:
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Sharp declines in economic output and GDP
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Decline in industrial output
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Declining levels of pollution and greenhouse gas emissions
The trends towards lower pollution levels and greenhouse gas emissions have been partially maintained through:
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Stricter environmental controls and legislation
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Sectoral restructuring
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Lower energy demand
Czech Republic
The Czech government has monitored greenhouse gases since
1993.
Greenhouse gas emissions have fallen, but various emission
projects predict emission growth.
Therefore the Czech government has developed a
comprehensive program for greenhouse gas reduction.
Republic of Poland
The Republic of Poland has always relied heavily upon hard
coals because of its geology – large deposits of coals.
Coal has played a large role in the Polish economy, but its role
is now diminishing, while that of hydrocarbon fuels is expected to
increase.
Renewable energy plays a small role in the energy sector
(biomass and water).
Russian Federation
Russia exports oil and gas to two markets: the former Soviet
Republics and all other countries. This represents an important
source of hard currency for the country.
IT International Project Office:
• Pier Vellinga (chair)
• Anna J. Wieczorek (co-ordinator)
• Thomas Holmes
(assistant co-ordinator)
• Els Hunfeld (secretary)
c/o Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM)
De Boelelaan 1115, 1081 HV Amsterdam
The Netherlands
Tel. +31 20 4449504, Fax +31 20 4449553
[email protected]
[email protected]
http://www.vu.nl/ivm/research/ihdp-it
The fuel and energy complex makes up 27.5% of Russian
production, and 43.9% of exports (in the late 1990s).
Currently Russian exported gas amounts to 26% of the
European gas markets.
*EU Funded