The ePoor Vision

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Transcript The ePoor Vision

There is such a country!
• 1950
1992
Over 5x increase in global output
Nearly 12x increase in world trade
• 1950 - Richest / Poorest 20%:
30x
• 1989 - Richest / Poorest 20%:
60x
• 1999 - Richest / Poorest 20%:
78x
Khosla’s Egalitarian Beer Mug
Richest
fifth
Each horizontal
band represents an
equal fifth of the
world’s people
Poorest
fifth
People
Income
Equity in the UNFCCC
PREAMBLE: Emphasizes differentiated responsibility,
prevention of harm, differing needs, vulnerabilities,
capabilities and resources. [12 out of 23 paragraphs]
OBJECTIVES: Calls for economic development to
proceed in a sustainable manner.
PRINCIPLES: Each of 5 principles includes equity
considerations: equity, special needs, precautionary
measures, right to sustainable development, and
developing country growth.
Equity in the Kyoto Protocol
Summary of shifting principles:
• “Equity” does not appear
• Prominence of financial and technological transfers lost
• Focus on commitment period 2008-2012
• Focus on domestic action/options for reducing GHGs
• Internationally, “Minimize adverse impact”
• Sustainable development remains black box
• Tax on CDM for vulnerable countries; Regressive?
Relationship of Carbon Emissions to Income
Carbon Emissions/Capita (tons)
14.00
Qatar
12.00
10.00
United Arab
Emirates
8.00
Bahrain
6.00
Singapore
United States
Australia
4.00
Saudi Arabia
Czech Republic
Luxembourg
Norway
Canada
Japan
2.00
Switzerland
Hong Kong, China
0.00
0
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
GDP/Capita (PPP$)
Source: World Bank (1998); Marland, et al. (1998).
25,000
30,000
35,000
450 ppm Carbon Trajectories
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Annex I
Non-Annex I
18
60
18
80
19
00
19
20
19
40
19
60
19
80
20
00
20
20
20
40
20
60
20
80
21
00
Carbon Emissions (GtC/yr)
Cumulative emissions :
650 GtC
1990 emission rate : 6 GtC/yr
2100 emission rate : 3 GtC/yr
Year
18
60
18
80
19
00
19
20
19
40
19
60
19
80
20
00
20
20
20
40
20
60
20
80
21
00
Carbon Emissions (GtC/yr)
450 ppm Carbon Trajectories
14
12
10
Annex I
Non-Annex I
8
6
4
2
0
Year
Envisioning Sustainable Development
In the
end, we
are the
stories
that we
tell