Yngve Engstroem

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Transcript Yngve Engstroem

A Social Agenda for the
Western Balkans – The
Economic Context
Yngve Engström, DG Enlargement
Sarajevo 25 May 2011
Impact of the Crisis: GDP Growth &
Fiscal Stance
Impact of Measures Taken to Combat Crisis
Findings Post Crisis
• Region susceptible to external events
• Low overall savings combined with increases in public debt
& slow down in remaining privatisations limits fiscal space
for investments
• In general debt sustainable, but vulnerable to external
• Revenue decline much steeper than expenditure decline
• Sharpest cuts in expenditure in capital expenditure (20%
decline in Western Balkans)
• Under-execution of capital expenditure
Findings Post Crisis
• Limited reductions and in some cases increases in current
• Increased social transfers but still stalled poverty
reduction and questions re targeting of social transfers
• Delayed implementation of reform agenda has impeded
• Need to move from externally stimulated growth to
internal/endogenous growth
• Increase competitiveness, increase & diversify exports
• Importance of human capital development
Synopsis of views on policies for growth
• Economic growth vital for securing socio-economic
development and key element of the accession process
• “New” growth agenda: revised & reinforced version of the
old agenda of structural reforms with an enhanced sense of
• Focus on improving the business environment, targeted
regulatory reform, developing human capital, priority
infrastructure investments and greater trade integration
Europe 2020 - National Reform Agenda
Guideline 1: Ensuring the quality and the sustainability of public
Guideline 2: Addressing macroeconomic imbalances
Guideline 3: Reducing imbalances within the euro area
Guideline 4: Optimising support for R & D and innovation,
strengthening the knowledge triangle and unleashing the potential
of the digital economy
Guideline 5: Improving resource efficiency and reducing greenhouse
Guideline 6: Improving the business & consumer environment, and
modernising and developing the industrial base
Europe 2020 - National Reform Agenda
Guideline 7: Increasing labour market participation and reducing
structural unemployment
Guideline 8: Developing a skilled workforce responding to
labour market needs, promoting job quality and lifelong
Guideline 9: Improving the performance of education and
training systems at all levels and increasing participation in
tertiary education
Guideline 10: Promoting social inclusion and combating poverty
Convergence with Europe 2020
Smart Growth
Sustainable Growth Inclusive Growth
« Innovation Union »
RCI, Regional R&D
Strategy, SEE IC, WBIF
Climate, energy and
« Resource efficient
Europe » ECT, SEETO,
Employment and skills
« An agenda for new
skills and jobs » SEECEL,
SEE Employment
Network, RCI , SEE IC
« Youth on the move »
« An industrial policy
for the globalisation
era » SEE IC, CEFTA,
WBIF, Sector
Fighting poverty
« European platform
against poverty » RCC
Social Agenda
Conference, SEE Health
Digital society
« A digital agenda for
Europe » eSEE Agenda+