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Transcript Mexican Flag

Distrito Federal, México
Mexican Flag
Mexican Flag:
Mexican Government
• Type: Federal Republic
Independance: First Proclaimed September 16, 1810;
Type: Federal Public
Republic established 1824
Independence: First Proclaimed September 16, 1810;
Branches: Executive, Legislative, Judicial
Republic established 1824
Administrative Subdivisions: 31 States and a Federal
Branches: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial
Administrative Subdivisions: 31 States and a Federal
Political Parties: Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI),
National Action Party (PAN), Party of the Democratic
• Political Parties: Industrial Revolutionary Party (PRI),
Revolution (PRD), Green Ecological Party (PVEM), Labor
National Action Party (PAN), Party of the Democratic
Party (PT), and several small parties
Revolution (PRD), Green Ecological Party (PVEM), Labor
• Suffrage: Universal at 18
Party (PT), and several smaller parties
• Congress compromised of a Senate and a Chamber of
• Suffrage (Right to Vote): Universal at 18
• Congress: Compromised of a Senate and a Chamber of
(Background Notes: Mexico)
(Background Notes: Mexico)
Seal of Mexican Government
Mexican Economy
• Type: Free Market
• Natural Resources: Petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas,
• General Exports: $303 Billion (2010 est.); Mexico is 15th in the country ranks
compared to rest of the world
• General Imports: $306 Billion (2010 est.), Country comparison to the world: 16
• Official GDP (Gross Domestic Product) Rate: $1.004 Trillion (2010 est.)
• Real GDP Growth Rate: 5% (2010 est.); improved since -6.5% as of 2009 and
1.5% 2008
• Labor Force (By Occupation): Agricultural- 13.7%, Industry- 23.4%, Services62.9% (2005 est.) = 46.99 Million in Labor as of 2010; Country comparison to
the world: 12
• Unemployment Rate: 5.6% (2010 est.); Country comparison to the world:
• Population Below Poverty Line: 18.2% Using food-based definition of poverty
(Mexican Economy Overview: CIA World Factbook)
A quincenera is a traditional Mexican ceremony for girls when they turn 15

symbolizing them becoming women
o Typical Mexican holidays include Dia de los Reyes Magos, January 6 and 7
(Gift giving for Mexican families including a feast); El Dia Del Amor y La
Amista, February 14 (Mexican equivalent of Valentine's Day); Benito Juarez
Birthday, March 1 (He was the first indigenous president of Mexico); Cinco de
Mayo, May 5 (The day Mexico won the Battle of Puebla against France);
Mexican Independence Day, September 16 (Celebrating nation's
independence from Spain); Dia de los Muertos, November 1 and 2 (or "Day of
the Dead", Mexicans celebrate their dead, usually including dressing up,
feasting, and putting out food for the dead); Dia de la Virgen de Guadalupe,
December 12 (Religious holiday celebrating the day the Virgin Mary appeared
to Juan Diego)
o Mexico is a very diverse country idealized for its unique foods, candies,
games, traditions, drinks, music, and many other cultural aspects
(Mexican Culture)
Major Events
*Mexico has gone through a lot in the past with many
significant events occuring that connect to present day
conditions in Mexico
*3 major events were
- U.S vs. Mexican war (1846-1848)
-The Lost Decade (1982-1992)
-The 1917 Constitution
U.S vs. Mexico war (1846-1848)
The war was a major event for both the U.S and Mexico. The war came to an end and when the war
ended the U.S took nearly half of Mexico's territory they inherited from their previous war with Spain
(presently southwest of America). The U.S became "a continental power".
"The issues raised during the U.S.-Mexican War are ones that are still valid today: the contradiction
between stated ideals and actual practice; the distinction between a "just" and an "unjust" war; the
ways citizenship is defined and identified in a multicultural society; and the challenges in building
progressive and democratic nations." Americans stole that territory from Mexico. American's cese to
realize that if it hadn't have been for the war we would be visitors of Mexico in present day California
and Texas. Immigration laws and racial pregidice are still a current problem but wouldn't exist if these
areas were still a part of Mexico. The end effect was the treaty of Hidalgo.
(U.S.-Mexican War)
The war affected the current borders between Mexico and the U.S
The Lost Decade (1982-1992) Debt Crisis
"1982-1992 is sometimes called the 'Lost Decade' in Mexico. The story is a familiar one: having to go to the IMF
for money to keep the economy afloat, the PRI found themselves obliged to roll the state back from the arena of
capital. This meant bringing the budget deficit under control, removing state subsidies to industry and agriculture,
and lowering wages in order to stem the runaway inflation which had been fuelled by the oil mirage. State
enterprises were privatised by the fistful, usually offloaded at below market value to PRI cronies. And 1986 saw
Mexico finally joining GATT (the World Trade Organisation’s Free Trade Agreement) after years of protectionism:
many companies went bankrupt as a result." In between the oil boom and the Lost Decade disaster struck in
Mexico, and earthquake in 1985.
1867-2000: A people's history of Mexico
"The Mexican Revolution was the 20th Century’s first modern social revolution. The war
profoundly changed Mexican society and the nation’s economy. It inspired intellectuals, artists
and struggling people all over the world with ideals of economic justice. The Mexican
Constitution of 1917 was the first in the world to recognize social guarantees and collective labor
At the same time, the trauma of Civil war created chaos, displacement and grave social wounds.
More than 890,000 legal Mexican immigrants came to the United States seeking refuge between
1910 and 1920. By 1920 Mexicans were the largest immigrant group in Los Angeles."
(The Mexican Revolution)
Emiliano Zepata (revolutionary leader)
(Mexico Timeline)
The 1917 Constitution
"Just like the Revolution, the 1917 Constitution is a vital touchstone in Mexican life, a document that came into
existence as a result of prolonged struggle, and is still held in high regard today by many sections of the working
class and peasantry. The capitalist class clearly intended the new set of state rules to be a signal that the years of
chaos and civil war were over and a new cycle of accumulation could begin."
This link shows actual constitution: (
Some of the most important articles: 3, 27, and 123 displayed profound changes in Mexican political philosophy that
would help frame the political and social backdrop for the rest of the century. It is still used today but the impact of its
creation and verifacation by government was the most important factor of the constitutions people. The U.S
constitution is the same way, it is still used today and the impact of it being written and put to use changes both of our
ways of life.
Governmental & Economic Systems
The government of Mexico is a Federal
Republic which has (like the US) 31
states and one capital - Mexico
City. The country operates with an
elected President, Felipe de Jesus
CALDERON hionjosa, who has been
president (since December
2006). The government has a
legislative branch that has 128 seats
and 96 members elected by popular
vote to serve six year terms. There is
also a Judicial branch which has a
Supreme Court of Justice appointed
by the President with consent of the
Senate, just like the United States.
Mexico has a free market economy. It
contains a mixture of modern and
older industry and agriculture, which
is dominated by the private
sector. Mexico has free trade
agreements with over 50
countries. Recently the economy has
expanded competition in seaports,
railroads, telecommunications,
electricity generation, natural gas
distribution, and airports. Per capita
income is roughly one-third that of the
The J-Curve measures a contries' economic welfare by determining the
percentage of imports and exports annually.