Understanding International Relations

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Transcript Understanding International Relations

CHAPTER 1
Understanding International
Relations
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Seventh Edition
Joshua S. Goldstein
Pearson Education, Inc. © 2006
College Students
and International Relations
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Voting in an election
Working on a campaign or for an
interest group
Buying a product or service traded on
world markets (check where your
clothes are made)
Watching the news
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Different Theoretical Perspectives
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“Each is a lens through which the world
looks different and different things seem
important,” (pg. 8)
Choosing concepts to emphasize leads
to different conclusions
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Conservative, Liberal, and Revolutionary World Views
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The Actors on the World Stage
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The State: A territorial entity controlled
by a government and inhabited by a
population—no higher authority
Non-State Actors: Many examples,
from multi-national corporations to
international organizations, such as the
United Nations
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Levels of Analysis
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Individual Level
Domestic Level
Interstate Level
Global Level
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Levels of
Analysis
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Different Regions
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The North-South Gap and Nine Regions
The North: (1) North America,
(2) Western Europe, (3) Japan/Pacific,
and (4) Russia and Eastern Europe
The South: The rest of the world,
including (5) China, (6) the Middle East,
(7) Latin America, (8) South Asia, and
(9) Africa
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Nine Regions of the World
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Comparisons Illuminate Data
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What data should be used?
Commonly, the Gross Domestic Product is
used to measure an economy’s strength
GDP is the total annual economic activity of a
country
Also, per capita income or average income is
used to compare a country’s wealth
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Comparison of World Regions, 2003
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The Most Fundamental Lesson
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Knowing the location of each country
Identifying a country’s location will tell a
great deal about a country
Study a country’s geography, such as
its relation to the equator, its neighbors,
its access to water, and its size to begin
an analysis of a country
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World States and Territories
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States
and
Territories
with
Estimated
Total 2003
GDP
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States
and
Territories
with
Estimated
Total 2003
GDP
(cont.)
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To Understand Today, We Must
Examine History
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Examining history offers an explanation
for current relations among countries
and inequalities
Western Europe expands and rises to
world dominance
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World Civilizations, 1000-2000
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The Rise of Western Europe
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1492, Columbus sails the ocean blue
An examination of Western Europe’s
rise is very instructive in learning about
the world in which we live today
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The Modern International System
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1618-1648, Thirty Years’ War and the
Treaty of Westphalia
1803-1815, Napoleonic Wars
1914-1918, World War I
1939-1945, World War II
1945-1990, The Cold War
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The Great-Power Systems, 1500-2000
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Imperialism, 1500-2000
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The World Economy,1750-2000
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The Rise and Fall of Western Europe
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Although many Western European
countries controlled distant parts of the
world, competition would lead to
destruction
The United States and the Soviet Union
would be left to define the international
system after World War II
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The Two World Wars,1900-1950
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The Cold War
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The Soviet Union v. the United States
U.S. policy: Containment
Limited Warfare: The Korean War,
Vietnam, Afghanistan, and other proxy
wars
Nuclear weapons lead to summit
meetings between countries
The collapse of the Soviet Union
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The Cold War, 1945-1990
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1990-2005, The Post-Cold War Era
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New Relationships
Gulf War
NATO
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Somalia
September 11, 2001
Terrorism
The Rise of China
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