Capacity Building

download report

Transcript Capacity Building

Capacity-building for managing
Structural Funds
Robin Smail
Senior Lecturer
Brussels,
11 October 2006
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
1
Steps in the project pipeline (1)
1. plans, frameworks, regional &
thematic priorities, programmes
2. priority axes, measures, project
possibilities
3. institutional structures,
procedures, timescales
4. publicity requirements and
needs
5. developing project ideas,
building partnerships
6. co-financing plans, financial
packages
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
2
Steps in the project pipeline (2)
7. project feasibility, development
and ex-ante appraisal
8. eligible expenditures
9. completing the application
10. getting selected
11. project / financial management
& monitoring responsibilities
12. closing projects &
programmes; audit; evaluation;
policy feedback; exchange of
experience
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
3
Situation analysis
Competitivity
Labour Market




•employment levels (and trends)
- employees and self-employed, FT
and PT, men and women, by age
•employment rates (and breakdown) (NUTS 2)
•employment by sector (NACE classification) and
trends in key sectors (NUTS 2)
•turnover rates; skill shortages
•unemployment structure and trends (NUTS 2)
by duration, age, gender, geography



GDP per capita (NUTS 2)
economic growth (change in GDP)
value-added (GVA) (NUTS 2)
productivity in industry and economy
(changes / trends)
investment / FDI
exports versus imports
employment in growth sectors and high
value-added sectors (NUTS 2)
Refer to Regional Innovation Scoreboard
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Territory & Mobility
expenditure on RTD:
• accessibility and connectivity (NUTS 2 data)
total; business exp.; public sector
• remote areas
(NUTS 2)
• modes of transport: road, rail, waterways
employment in high-tech sectors (NUTS 2)
(NUTS 2 data)
education levels (science and technology) • transport of freight
ICT expenditure/investments
• air transport and passenger numbers
extent of e-business and e-government
applications for patents (EU, US)
the geography of innovation: science parks;
technopoles; academic spin-offs; FDI
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
4
Publicity & Information
Legal requirements, plus:
•
Inform target groups / ultimate beneficiaries
•
Stimulating interest & involvement, promote ideas,
attract potential partners and funding
•
market the aims, gain political & public support, help
projects to be sustainable after funding..
But problems:
•
some CPs not very well developed; evaluating actions?
•
financing sources not clear
•
very limited reference to CPs in Annual Reports
•
illustration of concrete cases limited
•
gaps for “softer” projects
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
5
Project ideas, partnerships &
co-finance
•
Information meetings / seminars
•
Project and subsidy scans, but Lisbon themes?
•
Pre-proposals; partnerships developed?
What of Project Advisory Groups – involving all
stakeholders?
•
Secretariats assisting with the development of a
project?
•
Selection procedures transparent?
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
6
Project development steps
 Does it have a rationale?
 Does the project add value?
 What is the market failure?
 What are the options?
 Is it technically feasible?
 Have you completed the financial analysis? Is
the public sector contribution minimised and the
rate of return to the private sector fair?
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
7
economic appraisal
• What are the wider benefits (and costs) for the
local, regional and national economy?
- use Cost-Benefit Analysis…
• but we can use a cost-effectiveness proxy:
COST PER JOB ( NET COST PER NET ADDITIONAL FTE JOB)
...2,000 Euro or 20,000 Euro or 200,000 Euro???
• Cost per new job. (Good public finance practices
says this should be based on the total public sector
subsidy…)
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
8
economic appraisal – from gross jobs to net jobs:
use benchmarks for estimations
•
the multiplier effect:
1. Direct Jobs (full-time equivalent jobs with project)
2. Indirect Jobs (purchases with suppliers)
3. Induced jobs (knock-on effect of income and consumption)
4. Construction jobs (10 year FTE)
•
deadweight: what Funds were spent when not
absolutely necessary to stimulate the activity
•
displacement: subsidised activity can hurt others
- local displacement relatively low
- national displacement relatively high
- retail/catering displacement relatively high
- industrial displacement relatively low
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
9
Programme indicators are built-up
from project indicators
• CONTEXT indicators
–
they do not measure programme achievement; but they
are good benchmarks
• PROGRAMME indicators:
impact = intermediate and final (specific/global)
to measure wider net benefits
result = outcomes (project/programme benefits)
output = (activities / inputs)
resource = expenditure / inputs / activities
• BASELINE is starting point for context/impact
• TARGETS are wanted where reasonable
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
10
Core Indicators
and evaluation
CORE Indicators allow comparison…
…and aggregation
• Jobs created*
• SMEs assisted / trainees trained
• and number of projects or activities...
and can be defined for outputs, results, impacts…
------------------------------------------------------------
* evaluation will determine gross to net jobs
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
11
The Logframe
Project
description
Indicators
Source of
Verification
Measuring
Describe
the EFFECTS WHO,
actions and of the actions WHEN and
effects
HOW is the
data is
collected
Assumptions
Factors outside
management
control which
may affect the
causal linkages
OVERALL
OBJECTIVE
PURPOSE
RESULTS
OUTPUTS
ACTIVITIES
© EIPA – Robin Smail / Capacity-building
12