Chapter 22 “The Revolution in Energy and Industry” 1775-1815

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Transcript Chapter 22 “The Revolution in Energy and Industry” 1775-1815

Chapter 22
“The Revolution in Energy and Industry”
1775-1815
AP EUROPEAN HISTORY
MR. RICK PURRINGTON
MARSHALL HIGH SCHOOL
Europe in 1800
I.
The Industrial Revolution in Britain
A. Origins
1. Br’s colonies =demand for goods, textiles
2. Br’s strong agriculture = $ for commoners
3. Br’s stable government
4. Br’s effective banking system
B. The First Factories
1. only factories can meet the demands
2. energy needed to power factories
- steam engine = James Watt
C. The Coming of the Railroads
1. Railroads transformed:
a) economy
- reduced cost to ship goods
b) need for unskilled labor
D. Industry and Population
1. 1860 – Br produced 20% of world’s industrial
goods
2. Br’s GDP and pop increase
II.
Industrialization in Continental Eu and U.S.
A. Bel, G, U.S. follow Br’s industrialization
1. Frederich List of G
- promoted economic nationalism to protect
G’s manufacturers
B. Many Eu countries face challenges
1. Napoleonic wars had devastated Fr
2. Br workers had education, technical skills
III.
Factory Labor
A. New factory workers
1. harsh working conditions
- more discipline, loss of freedom
- increased child labor
- long hours
2. others claimed standard of living and
quality of life had improved since 1820
B. Labor Organizes into Unions
1. attempt to improve poor working
conditions and wages
2. single, national union?
C. The Rise of Socialism – gov’t controls parts of
economy