Argentina: Population - University of Dayton

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Transcript Argentina: Population - University of Dayton

Argentina
By: Shelly Cerullo
John Krebs
Katie May
Julie Plichta
Mark Swanson
Argentina: Population
By: Julie Plichta
Argentina: Population
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39,537,493 people
Birth Rate v. Death Rate
General age
Areas most populated
–
–
Buenos Aires: city and region
La Plata
Argentina: Population
PAST:
Incas
 River Plate Region
 Spanish/mestizo
 Slaves
 1880 European boom

Argentina: Population

Current Population Make up:
–
–
–
–
British in Buenos Aires
Italians
Urban
Rural
Religion in Argentina
By: Katie May
Why so many Catholics?
92% Roman Catholic
 Religious affiliation of
conquistadors
 Maintained until 1853 and
supported after
 Perón years attacked Catholicism

–
Aftermath Catholicism in favorable light
Why are so few practicing?
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Old groups with a new voice
Changing politics but unchanging allies
Church no longer as a “watchdog”
Immigration to cities
Church low on human and material
resources
Church must speak with a basis in
religious reasons
Why Evangelicalism?
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Conquistadors pre-Tridentine Christianity
Modern world connections and increase in
updates brings new understandings of
Catholicism
Comparative wealth of Evangelical religions
to Catholic
Work/Economy
By: John Krebs
Argentina’s Economy
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Very Unstable
GDP Purchasing Power $537.2 billion
(22nd highest country)
Currently experiencing GDP growth
around 8% in 2005
GDP per capita $13,600 (68th highest)
Double-digit inflation
Ranked 116th on Index of Economic
Freedom
Argentina’s Economy

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11.1% Unemployment rate (Sept. 2005)
Population below poverty line 25.5%
(1991)
Population below poverty line 38.5%
(2005)
Public Debt 69.7% of GDP
External Debt $118 billion
Argentina’s Economy
Defaulted on $88 billion in bonds in
2001
 Negative 0.8% growth GDP in 2000
 Negative 10.9% growth GDP in Jan.
2002
 Growth stabilized later in the year
 Now offering bondholders 25 cents on
the dollar

Argentina’s Economy
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Major Industries - food processing, motor
vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals
and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
Major Agricultural Products - sunflower seeds,
lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco,
peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock
Major Trade Partners – Brazil, U.S., Chile, China,
Germany, Spain
Current Account Surplus $1.908 billion
National/Popular Culture
By: Shelly Cerullo
Popular Culture: The Tango
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Began in Buenos Aires
Developed from a mix of 3 dances
–
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–
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Polka
Habanera (which blended to form
the milonga)
Candombe
Began in brothels, but soon caught
on in the upper class
Tangomania swept the globe
Still provides a common, unifying
bond for the multi-cultural
residents of Argentina
National Culture:
Resistance Literature

Written in response to the dictator regimes of
1976-1983
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–
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Extreme censorship of all new ideas
Anyone who spoke out against the terror was put in
prison or killed
Help to form a new Argentinean identity
Purposes in writing
–
–
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Advocate a change in the military structure
Democratization of the country
Reveal the truth of what occurred during that time
Customs
By: Katie May
Outlook on the United States
Falkland Islands
 Monroe Doctrine
 American investments (or lack
thereof)
 Role of Argentina in South
America without interference

Effect of Great Britain
Investments
 Palabra Inglés- the word of honor
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The Macho Image
BEFORE
 Juxtaposition of poor rural with
urban
 Shortage of women
AFTER
 Equality of men and women
 New openness about sex
Sex Education in Schools
Catholic Church says “no”
 Sarmiento 1864- revitalized
education
 1918 Socialists and Communists
 Lacking presence today

Food/Material Life
By: Shelly Cerullo
Food Culture: Wine
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Only country in Western Hemisphere where
wine is the drink of the common people
Due to the death of native population and
the climate of Argentina
Death of native population
– Many died in post-Columbian encounter
– Caused the immigrant population’s
culture to become that much more
influential
Climate of Argentina
– Ideal for growing grapes
– Closest to the Mediterranean climate of
the immigrants
Food Culture: Beef
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Much of the Argentinean diet
comprised of beef
Due to the settling of the
Pampas region and the
influence of the immigrant
culture
Influence of immigrant
culture
– Natives died in postColumbian exchange
– Caused immigrant culture
to become more prevalent
Settling of Pampas region
– Land ideal for raising
cattle
Language
By: Julie Plichta
Argentina: Language
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HOW MANY?
1 official language= Spanish
Native language
English
Italian
Argentina: Language
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Argentine-Spanish = Italian influence
– Words
– Pronunciation
- “y” or “ll” Spanish v. ArgentineSpanish
Government/Social Order
By: John Krebs
Gov’t/Social Order
Federal Republic
 Constitution
 Based on American and Western
European legal systems
 23 provinces and 1 autonomous
city
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Gov’t/Social Order
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Constitution – much greater social powers to
government
Guaranteed citizens “dignified and equitable working
conditions, limited working hours, paid rest and
vacations, fair remuneration, minimum and vital
adjustable wage, equal pay for equal work,
participation in the profits of the enterprises
Also established compulsory Social Security
Provided retirement and pensions, full family
protection, protection of homestead, family
allowances and access to a worthy housing
Gov’t/Social Order
3 branches of government
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1. Executive- President, V.
Pres., Cabinet
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2. Legislative- bicameral with a
Senate and Chamber of Deputies
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3. Judicial- 9 Supreme Court
judges appointed by president
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Gov’t/Social Order
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After WWII a period of authoritarian
rule existed
Normal order returned in 1983 though
has been challenged
Economic crises in 2001-2002 led to
violent public protests and many
presidents
Similar Central bank to the Fed that
controls monetary policy
Questions