Broadband - Agencia de Innovación y Desarrollo de Andalucía IDEA

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Transcript Broadband - Agencia de Innovación y Desarrollo de Andalucía IDEA

Regional Policy in Europe
Sevilla 17.12.2013
“Regional Digital Agendas"
Miguel Gonzalez-Sancho
European Commission
DG Communications Networks, Content and Technology
Overview
•
Digital Agenda and scoreboard
•
Broadband
•
Cohesion policy and ICT
•
Jobs & skills; Horizon 2020; conclusions
Political context: EU2020 to DAE
Europe 2020: 7 flagships
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
"Endorsing the cloud" could
add 0,1-0,4% of GDP growth
to the EU.
Digital Agenda for Europe
Youth on the move
Innovation Union
Industrial policy for globalisation era
New skills for jobs
EU Platform against poverty
Digitalized SMEs
Resource efficient Europe
ICT = 6% of EU
GDP
Internet usage X2 every 2-3
years,
Wireless connected devices:
doubling from 25 to 50BL,
2015-20
Mobile data traffic: x12-14,
2012-18
produce 10% more,
grow and export twice
and create twice the
jobs ordinary ones do
Internet has contributed
to 21% of GDP growth
across the G20 from 2005
to 2010
ICT investment →50%
productivity growth
GROWTH
4 million ICT workers,
grow 3% p.a. even in
crisis
Digital technology matters for Growth & jobs…
Digital Agenda logic: networks, services, demand…
100 actions (+ 32 after
review), targets
A vibrant digital
single market
Fast & ultra-fast Internet access
Using ICT to help society
Trust & Security
Research & innovation
Interoperability & standards
(+ cloud computing, after DAE review)
Digital literacy, skills & inclusion
Digital Agenda governance
Going Local 2013
DAE High Level Group
Acciones de la Agenda Digital, situación el 17.12.2013
• Total acciones: 101 (DAE 2010) + 30 (revisión 2010) = 131
• Acciones concluidas: 64 (DAE 2010) + 14 (revisión 2010) = 78
• Acciones conformes al calendario previsto: 27 (DAE 2010) + 16 (revisión 2010) = 43
• Acciones atrasadas: 7 (DAE 2010) + 1 (revisión 2010) = 8
Details on each action (update 12.06.2013) available at:
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/sites/digitalagenda/files/130606%20DAE%20actions%20progress%20incl%20review%20FINAL.doc%5B1%5D.pdf
DAE – Objetivos clave
1.
Objetivos de banda ancha:
•Banda ancha de base en 2013 para 100 % de ciudadanos de la UE.
•Banda ancha rápida (> 30 Mbps) en 2020 para 100 % de ciudadanos de la UE.
•Banda ancha ultra-rápida (> 100 Mbps) en 2020 para 50 % de hogares europeos.
2.
Mercado único digital:
•En 2015, 50 % de la población debe hacer compras en línea.
•En 2015, 20 % de la población debe hacer compras en línea transfronterizas.
•En 2015, 33 % de las PME deben hacer compras/ ventas en línea.
•En 2015, tarifas de roaming casi igual a tarifas de comunicaciones nacionales
3.
Inclusión digital:
•Aumento del uso regular de Internet de 60 % a 75 % en 2015 y de 41 % a 60 % para GRUPOS desfavorecidos.
•Hasta 2015, reducción del porcentaje de la población que nunca ha usado Internet a la mitad (al 15 %)
4.
Servicios públicos:
•En 2015: 50 % de los ciudadanos deben recurrir a administración pública en línea e mas de la mitad rellenar y enviar formularios.
•En 2015, deben estar disponibles en línea todos los servicios públicos esenciales transfronterizos incluidos en la lista a aprobar por los
Estados Miembros para el 2011.
5.
Investigación e innovación:
•Duplicar la inversión pública, hasta alcanzar 11.000M€.
6.
Economía con baja emisión de carbono :
•Promocionar la iluminación de bajo consumo: en 2020, reducción global como mínimo del 20 % del consumo de energía en alumbrado.
Scoreboard 2013
To find out more visit
www.ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/scoreboard
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/scoreboard/portugal
8
Basic broadband for all
by 2013
Standard fixed broadband* availability
adding wireless, EU coverage is 99.97%
*xDSL, Cable, FTTP and WiMax; Source: Point Topic
9
At least 30 Mbps for all
by 2020
NGA* availability (54% of EU homes)
But only 12% of EU rural areas are covered
* Next Generation Access (NGA): VDSL, Cable Docsis 3.0 and FTTP; Source: Point Topic
10
Fixed broadband
take-up
Fixed broadband lines penetration in the EU 28.8% (lines as a % of population)
(equivalent to 72.5% of EU homes subscribing to broadband)
Source: Communications Committee
11
Fixed broadband lines
by speed
14.8% of EU fixed broadband subscriptions
are at least 30 Mbps and 3.4 % at least 100 Mbps
Source: Communications Committee
12
2% of Europeans have never used the Internet, 70% are
regular Internet users (at least once a week) (2012)
Source: Eurostat
13
Citizens engaging in eCommerce (domestic & cross border)
(% of all citizens, 2012)
Source: Eurostat
14
eCommerce: SMEs selling online
(% of all SMEs, 2012)
60%
eCommerce: SMEs
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
BG
IT
RO
LV
EL
CY
PL
HU AT
FR
EE
SK
ES
selling online
SI EU27 LU MT PT
LT
FI
UK
NL
DE
BE
IE
CZ
DK
SE
buying online
Source: Eurostat
15
eGovernment
•Electronic interaction by citizens* with public authorities
(2012)
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Source: Eurostat
*Citizens aged between 25 and 54
Source: Eurostat
16
eGovernment
Take-up of eGovernment by SMEs
While most large enterprises already use eGovernment services the take-up by
SMEs is slow
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Source: Eurostat
17
Levels of computer skills
(2012)
40%
35.4%
35%
30%
25.3%
25.6%
25%
21.3%
ES
20%
EU27
15.7%
15%
10.8%
10%
5%
0%
Low skills
Medium skills
High skills
Source: Eurostat
Moreover: in 2011, only 53% of European labour force judged their computer or Internet skills to
be sufficient if they were to look for a job or change job within a year (Eurostat).
18
Difficulties in recruiting ICT professionals
3% of EU Enterprises that recruited ICT specialists, had difficulties in filling IT vacancies
Enterprises that recruited ICT specialists, with and without difficulties in filling
vacancies, 2012 (% of enterprises)
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
RO
IT
CZ
HR
NO
SK
SI
NL
FR
ES
IE
EA
SE
PT
PL
AT
MT
HU
LV
EE
EU27
LT
BE
MK
UK
FI
LU
CY
EL
DK
BG
DE
IS
0
recruited/tried to recruit and had no hard to fill vacancies
recruited/tried to recruit and had hard to fill vacancies
Source: Eurostat
19
Overview
•
Digital Agenda and scoreboard
•
Broadband
•
Cohesion policy and ICT
•
Jobs & skills; Horizon 2020; conclusions
Broadband drives
competiveness
Correlation Fixed Broadband Penetration and Competitiveness
WEF's Global Competitive Index score
5.8
Sweden
5.6
Finland
Japan
5.4
5.2
US
UK
Belgium
Austria
Germany
4.8
Netherlands
France
Luxembourg
5
Denmark
Korea
Ireland
Estonia
4.6
Czech Rep.
Poland
4.4
Portugal
Lithuania Italy
Hungary
4.2
Bulgaria
Slovakia
Spain
Cyprus
Slovenia
Malta
Latvia
Romania
4
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
Fixed broadband lines per 100 population
"An increase in the broadband penetration rate by 10 percentage points
raises annual growth in per-capita GDP by 0.9 to 1.5 percentage points"
(Czernich et al. - CESIFO WORKING PAPER NO. 2861, Ifo Institute for Economic Research, 2009)
Map of NGA broadband
coverage (2012)
EU broadband policy – key areas
Market
framework
Financing
and funding
•
Cost reduction initiative
•
•
eComms regulation, e. g. Recommendation
on non-discrimination and costing
methodologies
European Structural and
Investment Funds (ESIF)
•
Connecting Europe Facility (CEF)
•
Broadband state aid guidelines
•
Demand Stimulation
•
Single EU authorisation
•
European inputs: Spectrum and access
products
•
Single consumer space: Net neutrality,
harmonised end user rights, roaming
Single
market for
eComms
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Cost reduction measures
Regulation on measures to reduce the cost of deploying highspeed electronic communications networks
Increased use of passive
infrastructures suitable for high
speed internet network rollout
Increased cooperation in civil
engineering works
Streamlined permit granting
procedures
Increased number of buildings ready
for high speed internet access
Investment costs are
expected to be reduced by
20% to 30%
 potential savings up to
60 bn EUR across the EU
• Proposal adopted by the
College on 26 March 2013
• Adoption envisaged by Q2
of 2014
24
Connected continent proposal
Single EU
authorisation
User rights
Wireless broadband:
spectrum
Net neutrality
Fixed broadband: virtual
access products
Roaming
EU financing
EU financing for broadband
• European Structural and Investment Funds (ERDF and
EARDF): grants and financial instruments
• Connecting Europe Facility (CEF): Some complementary
EU support by means of financial instruments
• Currently project bonds pilot – open for project
proposals
• Possibly greater EIB lending activity in ICT/broadband
following capital increase
26
Overview
•
Digital Agenda and scoreboard
•
Broadband
•
Cohesion policy and ICT
•
Jobs & skills; Horizon 2020; conclusions
ICT and the Information society
- A vision of Convergence
ICT : not just a "sector" (telecom)
> enabler for all socio-economic sectors
Broadband : from "nice-to-have" to "must-have"
> pre-condition for growth and productivity
ICT : no longer "hardware v.s. software"
> cloud computing, mobility and ubiquity
Convergence of ever faster networks with
ever smarter devices and ever richer contents
28
Basics on current Cohesion Policy
Funds allocated to ICTs in 2007-13:
•
•
over EUR 15 billion or 4.4% of the total cohesion policy budget.
Shift in the investment priorities from infrastructure to support for
content development, both in the public sector (eHealth, eGovernment,
etc.) and for SMEs (eLearning, eBusiness, etc.)
Cohesion
Policy
Absorption rate as of 2012
72.9% 86.9% 47.5% 90.6% 42.9% 71.3% 78.4%
Services and
Services and
applications for
Telephone
applications for
Information and Information and
SMEs (eOther measures for
infrastructures
citizens (ecommunication communication
commerce,
improving access
(including
health, etechnologies
technologies
education and to and efficient use
broadband
government, e(...)
(TEN-ICT)
training,
of ICT by SMEs
networks)
learning, enetworking,
inclusion, etc.)
etc.)
10
11
12
13
14
ICT
Average
15
30
sustainable
inclusive
Europe 2020
smart
Thematic objectives
1. Research and innovation
2. Information and Communication Technologies
3. Competitiveness of Small and Medium-Sized
Enterprises (SME)
4. Shift to a low-carbon economy
5. Climate change adaptation and risk management and
prevention
6. Environmental protection and resource efficiency
7. Sustainable transport and disposal of congestion on major
network infrastructure
8. Employment and support for labour mobility
9. Social inclusion and poverty reduction
10. Education, skills and lifelong learning
11. Increased institutional capacity and effectiveness of public
administration
Thematic concentration in Cohesion Policy
SME competitiveness
Energy
Smart Grids
Innovation
Human Capital
Skills
Mobility
R&I
infrastructures
Public sector
Innovation
+admin. capacity
ICT
Broadband
Thematic concentration of the ERDF
Research and Innovation
SMEs competitiveness
60%
Energy efficiency and renewable energy
+ ICT access, quality and use
20%
Developed regions and
transition
Transition regions:
60regions
%
Concentration on
"two or
more of the
thematic
objectives 1, 2, 3
and 4"
6%
44%
Less developed regions
concentration (incl. 15%
for(different regions present different needs)
Flexibility
energy/renewables)
Special arrangements for the previously convergence regions
Calendar for partnership agreements & OPs
Partnership Agreement
Country / region specific
Operational programmes
General regulation adopted
European Territorial
Cooperation ("INTERREG")
programmes
Max 4 months
Partnership Agreement
Submitted (MS)
Max 3 months
Max 3 months
Observations by EC
All OPs incl. Ex-ante eval.
(except ETC) (MS)
Max 9 months
Max 1 month
Partnership Agreement
Adoption
Max 3 months
ETC OPs (MS)
Observations by EC
Max 3 months
Max 3 months
OP Adoption (EC)
Observations by EC
Max 3 months
ETC OP Adoption (EC)
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Ex-ante
conditionalities
Thematic
Objectives
N°1 Research and
innovation
N°2 - ICT use and
quality
- ICT access
All
other Thematic
Objectives
Ex-ante
conditionality
"Digital Growth"
Strategic policy framework:
- R&I Smart Specialisation Strategy
(RIS3)
and/or
- National/Regional Digital Agenda
Next Generation
Network (NGN) Plan
Corresponding exante conditionalities
Cohesion
Policy
Vision of
CONVERGENCE
Thematic Objective 2: Enhancing access to + use and
quality of, information and communication technologies
Investment priorities under TO 2:
a) diffusion of broadband and high
speed networks, supporting adoption
of emerging technologies and networks
for the digital economy
b) development of ICT products and
services, electronic commerce and
increased demand for ICT
c) strengthening the application of ICT
for eGovernment, eLearning,
eInclusion and eHealth
Ex ante conditionalities:
Next Generation Access
Plan
Strategic policy
framework for digital
growth (also in RIS3)
Criteria for assessing the
Digital Growth Strategies
A Plan based on Economic Analysis
• Explicit methodology and data sources
including involved stakeholders
• Existing & planned infrastructures
- Map on two dimensions : coverage/access and
take-up/subscription
- Market failures in the socio-economic context
(topography, pop. density, demand factors – e.g.
affordability, education, etc.)
Criteria for assessing the
Digital Growth Strategies
A SWOT analysis (or similar)
consistent with Digital Agenda
Digital Agenda Toolbox
• http://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda
Digital Agenda Scoreboard Indicators
•
http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/create-graphs
•
http://digital-agendadata.eu/datasets/digital_agenda_scoreboard_key_indicators/indicators
Ex-ante
conditionalities
Ex-ante conditionality N°2(2) for ICT infrastructure
Ex ante conditionality
2.2. Next Generation Network (NGN)
Infrastructure:
The existence of national and/or
regional NGN Plans which take
account of regional actions in order to
reach the Union high-speed Internet
access targets and promote
territorial cohesion, focusing on
areas where the market fails to provide
an open infrastructure at an affordable
cost and of a quality in line with the EU
competition and State aid rules, and to
provide accessible services to vulnerable
groups.
Criteria for fulfilment
A national or regional NGN Plan is in place that
contains:
– a plan of infrastructure investments based on an
economic analysis taking account of existing
private and public infrastructures and planned
investments;
– sustainable investment models that enhance
competition and provide access to open, affordable,
quality and future proof infrastructure and services;
– measures to stimulate private investment.
Criteria for assessing the
NGN Plans
A Plan that is operational
Target & Indicators
– benchmarking with the Digital Agenda Scoreboard
•
•
http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/create-graphs
http://digital-agenda-data.eu/datasets/digital_agenda_scoreboard_key_indicators/indicators
Available budgetary resources
• Public funding at EU, national, regional levels
• Other sources : private, banks
List of planned investments
• Objectives, estimated cost, coverage
• Periodically up-dated
Criteria for assessing the
NGN Plans
A Plan of sustainable models
• Envisaged investment models
- Broadband investment Guide
- Use of grants, financial instruments ?
• Regulatory measures to stimulate private
investment
- Cost-reduction measures
- Radio spectrum
Criteria for assessing the
NGN Plans
Identifying the priorities & capacity
Priorities and budgetisation
• available budgetary resources for ICT interventions
• sources of finance at EU, national and other sources
Administrative Capacity
• Self analysis: intermediate bodies and beneficiaries
• Remedial actions
Overview
•
Digital Agenda and scoreboard
•
Broadband
•
Cohesion policy and ICT
•
Jobs & skills; Horizon 2020; conclusions
Grand Coalition
5 Policy Clusters

ICT TRAINING:
 Online ICT learning platforms
 Smart grid training, etc.

NEW LEARNING:
 Industry/education provider collabor.
 MOOC for secondary teachers

CERTIFICATION:
 Support roll-out of common
 eCompetences framework

MOBILITY:
 Launch mobility assistance services

AWARENESS RAISING:
 GetOnline Week
Europe 2020 priorities
Shared objectives and principles
ICT


ICT
ICT
ICT
ICT
ICT





Tackling Societal Challenges
Health, demographic change and wellbeing
Food security, sustainable agriculture and
the bio-based economy
Secure, clean and efficient energy
Smart, green and integrated transport
Climate action, resource efficiency and raw
materials
Inclusive, innovative and reflective
societies
Secure Societies
EIT
JRC
Simplified access




Creating Industrial Leadership and
Competitive Frameworks
 Leadership in enabling and industrial
technologies
ICT
Nanotech., Materials, Manuf. and
Processing
Biotechnology
Space
 Access to risk finance
 Innovation in SMEs
Excellence in the Science Base
Frontier research (ERC)
Future and Emerging Technologies (FET)
Skills and career development (Marie Curie)
Research infrastructures
ICT
ICT
ICT
Common rules, toolkit of funding schemes
Dissemination & knowledge tranfer
European Council of 24-25.10.2013;
digital economy and innovation
•
Complete Digital Single Market
• Access to and portability of content and data across the single market
• EC legal proposals on telecoms: connected continent; broadband engineering costs
• EC legal proposals on trust and security: e-ID; network information security; einvoicing/ payments; data protection; web accessibility
• Data, cloud, open government
• Taxation of the digital economy
• Skills
• Research and innovation
Conclusions
•
Digitally-driven transformation is unstoppable; Europe cannot stay behind
• Need for public sector strategies; European/ national/ local digital agendas
• Remove barriers in the European space; towards a Digital Single Market
• Build European capacity: networks, data/ cloud, skills, R&D&I, industrial base…
• New EU legislature will start in 2014; in any case, the future is digital…
Gracias
ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda
blogs.ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda
@DigitalAgendaEU
DigitalAgenda