CBC News. (2014, Aug. 24). Tina Fontaine, slain teen remembered at Manitoba funeral.
Retrieved Sept. 3, 2014 from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/tina-fontaine-slainteen-remembered-at-manitoba-funeral-1.2745031
Missing and Murdered
• Tina Fontaine, 15, of Winnipeg, was found dead, in a
bag, in the Red River. She was from the Sagkeeg First
Nation, north of Winnipeg. She had been living in foster
care but ran away from home. Her father had been
violently beaten in 2011.
• Consequently there has been a lot of discussion about
having a full inquiry into the deaths and disappearances
of hundreds of Aboriginal women across Canada.
• A) Given this information, what questions would you ask
in order to find out more? Think in a social science
• B) How would you go about finding out the answers?
Asking Questions and
Finding Answers in Social Science
Research methods: PO,
interview, survey, controlled
Conclusion: social science is studied using…
Definitions - Matching
Anthropology “organization developed to meet
society’s basic needs.”
“Its goal is to develop a broad and
comprehensive understanding of
what it means to be human.”
“The systematic study of human
social life, groups, and societies.”
“The learned patterns of behaviour
and thought that help a group adapt
to its surroundings.”
Headings in First Set of Notes?
• What was the title of the section of the
chapter that covered pages 6-8?
History of Globalization in Brazil
• Globalization is simply increased trade
links between countries.
• What happened to Brazil’s economy since
– Mechanization on large sugar plantations
– Less subsistence farming
– GDP per capita increased
Social Effects of Globalization
• One’s intuition might lead to thinking that
all of Brazil benefited from the economic
– What happened in “Bom Jesus” as a result of
the economic changes?
• Diet changed
• Infant mortality rate very high (stats)
• How did she collect her data?
• How did she learn from the women?
– What safeguards did she use to protect them
and encourage them to be forthcoming with
Key Concept Connections
• Which key concepts connect to the Bom
Jesus case study other than the one
bolded (GDP per capita)?
– Participant observation
Anthropology, cont: Kinship
• Why is kinship an anthropological topic?
• Is kinship a synonym of family?
• What is it?
• Who uses it?
• A family friend you call “auntie” is an
• How could you tell if a family is matrilineal
Challenges of Kinship in a Diverse
• In groups, take these scenarios and rank them
most (1) to least (7) in terms of the challenge
they pose in the multicultural society of Canada.
A: Same-sex marriage
B: Same-sex marriage spouses adopting children or
using a surrogate mother
D: Blended families
E: Intercultural marriages
F: Arranged marriages
G: Children being raised abroad by their grandparents
Schools of Thought
• Are schools of thought the same as
– No, disciplines of social science are A, P, S.
– Schools of thought are sub-divisions within a
– Definition = groups certain theorists and their
approaches together when they have certain
commonalities in how they interpret data.
Schools of Thought in
Anthropology Chart (12-14)
Functionalism Structuralism Cultural
Similar- Attempts to
understand cultures understand cultures understand
Social Institutions –
• Examples: family, economy, religion,
1.Established laws, practices and customs
in a society.
2.The organized way a society develops to
meet its basic needs.
3.Organized pattern of beliefs and
behaviours that focus on providing basic
social needs and producing and
reproducing social relations.
Schools of Thought in
For each of the following, indicate whether it matches with Functionalism (A), Structuralism
(B), or Cultural Materialism (C)
__ Learn how good or bad are defined in context.
__ Every practice has a purpose.
__ Infrastructure; structure; superstructure and technology.
__ Technology and economy determine what a society will be
__ Institutions serve the best interest of the majority.
__ Overlooks negative results of some practices.
__ May try to fit the culture to the rules rather than vice-versa.
__ Too much focus on logic and stability.
__ Seeks to understand how the human mind forms binary
__ Most economic in focus.
__ Involves social institutions.
Anthro Schools of Thought
• Which two seem most related?
– __ and __ because of their emphasis on
• Which definition of social institution seems
• Look at the time period for each school of
thought on page 13. What does this tell
Not simply opposites:
“anthropologists must seek out
and explain these rules.”
“These binary opposites are defined
in a particular culture in a way that is
logical to its members.”
Bain, C., et. al. (2002). Transitions in society: the challenge of change. Toronto:
Darley and Latane Frisbee
Experiment (p. 16)
• Purpose: Why are they conducting this
• Method: How do they gather data?
• Conclusions: What conclusions/lessons do
they arrive at based on their data? (include
a lesson and the data that supports it)
Key concepts: bystander, confederate, variable, situation (environment,
conditions, setting that influences people), behaviour
• When have you been a confederate?
• Are you more often a bystander or an
actor? Such as when…
UBC. (N.d.). The Really Campaign. Retrieved Sept. 8, 2014 from
Which gender multitasks better?
Does gender impact creativity?
Does gender impact on moral decisions?
Will people remember pictures or words
5. Can memory be influenced by diet?
Ideas from http://www.apa.org/ed/precollege/undergrad/ptacc/instructorsguide.pdf
Types of Psychologists
For each psychologist, are they clinical,
Types of Psychology (not
schools of thought)
• Developmental psychology:
– The study of progressive behavioural changes
in an individual throughout the lifespan.
• Did you notice any major differences in the
way the various psychologists looked at
– Were some similar enough to each other that
you might classify them into the same school
Psychology Matching from Handout
Name the psychologist associated with each theory. In
some cases, name the theory as well.
Children feel inferior so they compensate by looking for
experiences that give them a sense of power. This is called
Personal and collective unconscious.
Associate food with bell. This is called __________________.
Reward and punishment (or withholding of reward). This is called
Learning stages take place in the same order and at roughly the
Good and bad consequences of actions lead to learning.
Unconscious mind significantly influences behaviour.
*Schools of Thought in Psychology
• Psychoanalytic Theory = focuses on a
view of the mind that includes conscious
and unconscious (and its parts). Tends to
emphasize unconscious part of mind.
• Behaviourism = focuses on what
motivates human behaviour, especially
through early child-rearing methods.
• Learning Theory = focuses on most
human behaviour being learned.
*See text pages 18-21 for homework.
Psychology Matching From Text
Name the psychologist associated with each theory.
1. Permissive child-rearing produces well-adjusted
2. Strict schedules and rules are good for children while
3. Kids model behaviour learned through observation.
4. Divided the mind into three parts. They are called ___,
5. Did experiments with rats, pigeons.
6. Did experiments with dogs.
7. Learning is a result of a stimulus-response effect.
Psychology From Text, con’t
D external reality
Coloured disk __
Bobo the clown __
All of this takes place within various
Structure and Organization of
• Social Institutions
– Ascribed (born into), Achieved (earned)
• Equality / Inequality / Income / Socioeconomic
• Urban / Rural
• What are some typical
teenage role conflicts?
• What are some role conflicts
experienced by your parents?
Role: Additional Definition
• A set of expectations for people who
occupy a given social position
Sociological Schools of Thought
Definitions you will need:
Capitalism = an economic system in which
profit is the driving force in a free market
with little government interference
Assimilation = the act of minority groups
giving up their unique culture and blending
into the majority
Sociological Schools of Thought
S of T
I don’t like that it
doesn’t focus on
change or conflict
Social Institutions and
Sociological S of T
Role of social institutions
Key social institutions (according to
Key social institutions (determinism)
Role of social institutions?
Values within social institutions tend to be
The problem is that values
within _____________s tend
to be sexist, or ____________.
Sample Quiz Question
Feminist theorists believe that social
C Symbolically interactive
TOO SIMPLE A Question
• Male dominated is a synonym for:
C binary opposite