Short Term & Long Term Effects of Alcohol

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Transcript Short Term & Long Term Effects of Alcohol

• Alcohol reaches the brain
as soon as it is consumed.
• Slows down the CNS
• Thought processes are
• Memory and concentration
are dulled.
• Decision Making skills are
badly affected.
• Oxidizes alcohol at
one-third to one-half
ounces of alcohol per
• When a person drinks
alcohol faster than the
liver can break it
down, the becomes
• Blood carries the
alcohol to all parts of
the body.
• Blood vessels dilate
(widen) and allow heat
to escape the body.
This is what may lead
to hypothermia.
• Increase in heart rate
and blood pressure.
• Causes scar tissue to
build up in muscle
fibers of the heart.
• Increase risk of heart
attack and strokes.
• Increase in production
of urine due to
alcohols effect on the
pituitary gland.
• This is the cause of
dehydration, leading
to problems the day
after heavy drinking.
• Increases flow of
gastric juices.
• Alcohol in high
quantities will cause a
larger flow of these
gastric juices irritating
• Reduces the ability to
judge distances,
speeds, and turns; as
well as, one’s own
capabilities and
• Increase in risk taking
• Slows reflexes
• Aids in forgetfulness
• Reduces ability to
.02-.03 % BAC: You are slightly light headed; inhibitions are loosened ( Missouri defines
.02% as legally drunk for those under 21 years of age).
.05%-.06 BAC: You’re warm and relaxed; you’re behavior may become exaggerated.
.08-.09% BAC: You are legally drunk; you may start to slur your speech, your sense of
balance is probably off, and your motor skills are becoming impaired.
.10%-.12% BAC: At this level, you feel euphoric, but you lack coordination and balance; your
motor skills are markedly impaired, as are your judgment and memory.
.14%-.17% BAC: Euphoric feelings may give way to unpleasant feelings; you have difficulty
talking, walking, or even standing; your judgment and perception are severely impaired.
.20% BAC: You feel confused, dazed, or otherwise disoriented ; at this point you may
experience nausea and/or start vomiting; blackouts are likely.
.25% BAC: All mental, physical, and sensory functions are severely impaired; you're at
increased risk of asphyxiation from choking on vomit and of seriously injuring yourself by
falling or other accidents.
.30% BAC: You have little comprehension of where you are; you may suddenly pass out -with an alarming BAC like .30%, your body will decide to pass out for you.
.35% BAC: This blood alcohol level is the level of surgical anesthesia; you may stop
.40% BAC: You are probably in a coma. The nerve centers controlling your heartbeat and
respiration are slowing down.
• Long term, excessive
use leads to major
brain damage.
• Moderate drinking
kills off brain cells,
leading to loss of
intellectual abilities,
such as memory loss
and problem solving.
• Alcohol interferes with the
livers ability to break down
• Fatty liver is a condition which
fat build up and hampers the
livers ability to work properly.
• Cirrhosis is a condition where
the liver tissue is destroyed and
then replaced with scar tissue.
• Hepatitis is an infection of the
liver that causes weakness,
jaundice, fever and sometimes
death. It occurs because of the
toxic effects of the drug.
• Because alcohol is a
drug, people who use it
regularly may develop a
tolerance, making it
necessary to drink more
and more in order to
produce the same effects.
• When tolerance occurs,
people may drink an
increasing amount of
alcohol without
appearing intoxicated.
• An individual may
experience symptoms if the
drug is stopped.
• Symptoms may range from
jumpiness, sleeplessness,
sweating and poor appetite to
severe tremors, convulsions,
and hallucinations.
• Synergistic Effect
occurs when two or
more medicines are
taken simultaneously.
• Multiplier Effect is
when alcohol is taken
with some other form
of drug or medicine.
• Condition in which the fetus
has been adversely affected
mentally and physically by
its mother’s alcohol use
during pregnancy.
• 5,000 FAS babies are born
• FAS is the leading cause of
mental retardation in the US.
Low birth weight
Impaired speech
Cleft palate
General weakness
Slow body growth
Facial abnormalities
Poor coordination
Heart defects
Poor attention span