Transcript What Is Philosophy?
What Is Philosophy? The Definition: Philosophy is… a study of ideas about human nature in relation to the reality in which we live. a guide for living because the issues it addresses are basic and pervasive. And… It determines the course we take in life… and how we treat other people. Philosophical Topics: Metaphysics – the theory of Epistemology – the theory of Ethics – the theory of Politics – the theory of Aesthetics – the theory of reality knowledge moral values legal rights & government the nature of art Ethics: A Definition Ethics does not apply to everything that exists – only to man, but it applies to every aspect of man’s life: his character, his actions, his values, his relationship to all existence. Ethics defines a code of values to guide man’s choices & actions – the choices & actions that determine the course of his life. From: Philosophy: Who Needs It Author: Ayn Rand Therefore… Ethics involves asking questions about life. Ethics requires examining right & wrong conduct. Ethics requires examining good & bad values. Ethics assists us in how to behave. It is also about selfrestraint… Not doing what you have the power to do. An act isn’t proper simply because it is permissible or you can get away with it. Not doing what you have the right to do. There is a big difference between what you have the right to do and what is right to do. Not doing what you want to do. An ethical person often chooses to do more than the law requires and less than the law allows. Principles of Ethical Behavior: The touchstone of a person’s character is HONESTY, including truth & justice. The end never justifies the means. If any element of a case is evil (actions, motives, consequences), the action itself is considered wrong.