Transcript power point (notes)
Please get out something to write with. 2ND PERIOD ONLY!!! If you have any signed forms that I handed out yesterday, please get those out. Make sure your name is on them. I will collect them. If you HAVE NOT turned in the signed parent slip for my class, please get that out now. The Parthenon in Athens Today Standard 10.1.1 - Analyze the similarities and differences in Judeo-Christian and Greco-Roman views of law, reason and faith, and duties of the individual. We will be taking notes, then you will be completing a comparison chart and Venn diagram. People lived in a polis (city-states). Political unit made up of a city and area around it. king or queen exercise central power Small group of landholding elite (nobles) exercise power Power shifted to a new class of wealthy landowners which led to… Expanding trade created a new middle class of merchants and artisans which led to… Small group of elite middle class exercise power The city-state of Athens evolved into a democracy. (demo=people kratos=power) ◦ Government in which the people exercise power. ◦ The word “people” meant adult male citizens ONLY. Athens evolved further into a direct democracy. In a direct democracy, all citizens meet in one place to make the laws for their state. In 509 BC, the Romans overthrew their king and created a republic. a government in which citizens rule through representatives, whom they elect. Patricians (members of the landholding upper class) ruled. Plebeians (common farmers, merchants, and artisans) could rule. Plebeians demanded laws be written=first written code of law. Government set up separate branches (separation of powers). 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. People were involved…not just monarchs or an elite group. Republics formed…representative. Laws were discovered through reason! People helped people! People had choices and responsibilities. Roman and Christian empires expanded on these ideas. Polytheists- many gods People have dignity that comes from intelligence and ability to reason. Ability to reason gives people moral freedom to choose right from wrong. Duty to participate in government and follow laws. World has natural laws (discovered through reason). Branches of Government Written laws (The Code – 5,000 Roman laws) made by citizens and apply to all. Laws based on civil matters Monotheists- one god Humans are created equal in God’s image. God gave each being dignity that can never be taken away. Duty to live a moral life, follow law and help others. God gave people moral freedom to choose between right and wrong. Written Laws (Commandments) made by God and apply to everyone. Laws based on morality In-class: 1. Please complete the comparison chart by using the contributions in your notes. 2. Then in your table groups, complete the Venn Diagram. Look at your chart and notes to identify similarities and differences.