Adjectives and Adverbs spices of life sprinkles on the vanilla cone accessories of fashion flowers and shrubs bells and whistles Adjectives Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns Adjectives answer: – What kind? Warm afternoon – Which one? This beach – How many? Several sea gulls – How much? No clouds Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns Colorful design Bright colors Blaring music Muddy cleats Starry night Glowing candle She sounds excited. They feel energized. Everyone seems happy. This is awesome. More about Adjectives • Location – May come before or after the noun: – The red and green crayons – The crayons, red and green, – May follow a linking verb – The crayons are red and green. • Using Articles – – The (definite article) A, An (indefinite article) – Use A before a consonant sound (a crayon) – Use AN before a vowel sound (an orange) Kinds of Adjectives Nouns used as adjectives Proper adjectives My hero Demonstrative adjectives Lifetime performance Pronouns used as adjectives Broadway show Compound adjectives Dance studio These actors Interrogative adjectives Which stage Kinds of Adjectives Articles Possessive Demonstrative Interrogative a my this whose an your that what the his these which her those its our, their Adverbs • Modify verbs • Most end in -ly • Answer questions • Where? ..sparkle nearby • When? …sparkle daily • In what way?..sparkle brightly • To what extent?..really sparkle • Modify adjectives • To what extent? • Very bright fireworks • Modify other adverbs • To what extent? • Sparkle very brightly Adverbs known as intensifiers: • • • • • • • • • • • • • Very Hardly Barely Scarcely Hardly Really Pretty Almost Only Too So Rather Extremely Adjective or Adverb? Some fruit trees bloom earlier than others. Usually, the blossoms do not last long. Sharing the fruit from one’s trees is a neighborly gesture. In autumn, it seems that the leaves of our oak tree fall last. Squirrels act fast to collect and store acorns. The Japanese maple is slow to shed its leaves. Its branches spread wide, shading a large area. Another tree with wide branches is the elm. The long branches of the willow tree dip close to the water. The seeds of many trees are carried far away by winds.