Energy Commission Malaysia - United Nations Statistics Division

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Transcript Energy Commission Malaysia - United Nations Statistics Division

The Sixth Oslo Group
Meeting on Energy Statistics
Canberra, Australia
2-5 May 2011
ENERGY STATISTICS IN MALAYSIA
NOOR AIZAH A.KARIM
Head, Energy Information
Energy Commission Malaysia
[email protected]
OUTLINE
Introduction
Data Collection and Compilation
Energy Balances
Uses of Energy Statistics
Conclusions
INTRODUCTION
Timely and precise reporting of energy database is
important for Malaysia, since Malaysia is a rapidly
developing country that depends much on energy
sources to fuel its economic growth. Understanding
the importance of energy database, the Energy
Commission, has created a new unit named Energy
Information, among others to act as the custodian of
energy data for the country and to provide analysis
on current energy issues.
INTRODUCTION
• The most frequently used and referred energy database
for Malaysia is the National Energy Balance published
annually by the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology
and Water.
•Previously, the National Energy Balance is compiled by
Green Technology Malaysia (formerly known as Malaysia
Energy Center) for the Ministry.
•However, due to the recent changes in the structure of
the Green Technology Malaysia , Energy Commission
was mandated by the Ministry to take over the
responsibility of preparing the National Energy Balance
from year 2010 onwards.
The Role Of Energy Commission
• Also known as Suruhanjaya Tenaga (ST)..\LTST2010\ST
Diamond Building
• Statutory body under the Ministry Of Energy, Green
Technology and Water Malaysia.
• It was established in 2001 under the Energy
Commission Act 2001.
• Regulate the electricity supply industry and piped gas
supply industry in the peninsula and Sabah
• Custodian and focal point for Malaysia’s energy data
Related Acts & Regulations
Beside authority granted in the Energy Commission Act (2001) other
related acts and regulations are as follow:
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Electricity Supply Act 1990 (Amendment 2001)
Gas Supply Act 1993 (Amendment 2001)
Licensee Supply Regulations 1990 (Amendment 2002)
Electricity Regulations 1994 (Amendment 2003)
Gas Supply Regulations 1997 (Amendment 2000)
Electricity Supply (Compounding of Offences) Regulations 2001
Gas Supply (Compoundable Offences) Order 2006
Gas Supply (Compounding of Offences) Regulations 2006
Efficient Management Of Electrical Energy Regulations 2008
The Roles Of Energy Information Unit
•
..\LTST2010\STRUKTUR ORG ST- 01 November 2010-BMnEng-1.pdf
• To coordinate among relevant authorities and agencies on effective
energy data collection.
• To develop energy data base system inclusive reporting and
dissemination mechanism
• To produce National Energy Balance report annually . ( 2010
onward )
• To produce statistics books /pamphlet on performance and statistical
information for the electricity and gas supply industry in Malaysia.
• To update and maintain the database regularly and to upload some
of the information in the Energy Commission’s website and intranet.
• To produce report /analysis on current energy issues.
Energy Policy
The Energy Policies maker:
– The Prime Minister’s Department ( Economic
Planning Unit)
• On Petroleum (Oil And Gas), Upstream activities
• On Privatisation Of Electricity Sector
– The Ministry Of Energy, Green Technogy &
Water
• On Electricity supply industry.
• On Energy efficiency.
• On Renewable energy
DATA COLLECTION AND COMPILATION
 Currently, about more than 60 data providers
Divided into fuel types ; oil, gas, electricity and coal
In quarterly basis based on region
Questionnaire based on energy balance format
Collected via email, fax and postage
Primary and secondary sources
Common unit of measurement based on fuel types
ENERGY BALANCES

Featuring data on Malaysia’s Primary production of energy supply,
secondary supply of energy and the final demand of energy.

Structured into 3 main sectors ; Primary supply, Transformation and
Final Use.

Energy supply = Production + Imports - Exports - Bunkers +/Stock change

Energy demand = Gross Inland Consumption
= Final Energy Consumption + Consumption
of energy in transformation sector
+ Distribution losses
+ Non-energy Consumption
DATA COLLECTION AND COMPILATION
STAGE 1
• Data
Collection
• Data
Checking
• Data
Verification
• Data Analysis
STAGE 2
• Draft Report
Preparation
• Internal
Screening
• Technical
Meeting
STAGE 3
• Amendments
• Final Report
Publication
• Dissemination
DATA COLLECTION AND COMPILATION
Data Providers
DATA COLLECTION AND COMPILATION
Sample Of Questionnaires
• For Oil, Gas and Coal Production
• ..\..\Desktop\NEB\National Energy Balance
Form.xls
DATA COLLECTION AND COMPILATION
Sample Of Questionnaires
NATIONAL ENERGY BALANCE
ELECTRICITY
QUARTER1................2010
A. CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRICITY & NUMBER OF CUSTOMERS BY SECTOR
Consumption
Sector
(GWh)
Domestic
Number of
Customers
Commercial
Industrial
Mining
Transport (KTM, LRT)
Public Lighting
TOTAL
B. UNITS OF ELECTRICITY PURCHASED & SOLD
Country/Utility
Unit Purchased
From:
Units Sold to:
1
Quarter 1: Total of Jan, Feb, Mar
Quarter 3: Total of Jul,Aug, Sept
Quarter 2: Total of Apr, May, Jun
Quarter 4: Total of Oct, Nov, Dec
Quantity (Unit GWh)
C. FUEL CONSUMPTION
CONVERSION COEFFICIENTS*
Type of Prime Mover
Diesel Oil
unit: ..........
Light Fuel Oil
unit: ..............
Natural Gas
(N cum x 10)
Coal (MT)**
type: ………
STEAM
Oil
Gas
Coal
HYDRO
Major Hydro
Mini Hydro
GAS TURBINE
Oil
Gas
COMBINED CYCLE
Gas
DIESEL
Diesel
TOTAL
*Please specify units used
**Please specify type of coal used
Unit:
STOCK
Fuel Oil
Diesel
Coal
Opening
Closing
Local Purchase
Electricity
D.
UNITS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATED, SENT OUT AND SOLD
UTILITY:
TYPE OF
PRIME MOVER
QUARTER1
UNITS
GENERATED (GWh)
YEAR: 2010
UNIT SOLD
(GWh)
UNIT USED BY
STATIONS (GWh)
UNIT SENT OUT FROM
STATIONS (GWh)
STEAM
Oil
Gas
Coal
HYDRO
Major Hydro
Mini Hydro
GAS TURBINE
Oil
Gas
COMBINED CYCLE
Gas
Oil/Diesel
DIESEL SETS
Diesel/Oil
OTHER SETS
(pls specify)
TOTAL
PURCHASED
1
Quarter 1: Total of Jan, Feb, Mar
Quaretr 2: Total of Apr, May, Jun
Total Quarter 3: Total of Jul,Aug, Sept
Quarter 4: Total of Oct,Nov,Dec
Electricity
ELECTRICITY INSTALLED CAPACITY, AVAILABLE CAPACITY AND PEAK DEMAND
TYPE OF PRIME
MOVER
2010
STEAM
Oil
Gas
Coal
HYDRO
Major Hydro
Mini Hydro
GAS TURBINE
Oil
Gas
COMBINED CYCLE
Gas
Oil/Diesel
DIESEL SETS
Diesel/Oil
OTHER SETS
(pls specify)
TOTAL
TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY AS
OF END OF THE QUARTER
(MW)
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
TOTAL AVAILABLE (LATEST
TESTED NET) CAPACITY AS OF
END OF THE QUARTER
(MW)
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
PEAK DEMAND
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
GWh
1Q 2000
2Q 2000
3Q 2000
4Q 2000
1Q 2001
2Q 2001
3Q 2001
4Q 2001
1Q 2002
2Q 2002
3Q 2002
4Q 2002
1Q 2003
2Q 2003
3Q 2003
4Q 2003
1Q 2004
2Q 2004
3Q 2004
4Q 2004
1Q 2005
2Q 2005
3Q 2005
4Q 2005
1Q 2006
2Q 2006
3Q 2006
4Q 2006
1Q 2007
2Q 2007
3Q 2007
4Q 2007
1Q 2008
2Q 2008
3Q 2008
4Q 2008
1Q 2009
2Q 2009
3Q 2009
4Q 2009
1Q 2010
2Q 2010
3Q 2010
4Q 2010
DATA SUBMISSION FROM TNB
Electricity Consumption By Sector
Industry
Mining
Commercial
Residential
Street Lighting
Transport
Agriculture
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
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ENERGY BALANCES (Supply)
Coal and
Hydropower
Coke
4%
0%
Coal and
Coke
7%
Natural Gas
21%
1980
Hydropower
4%
1990
Natural Gas
28%
Oil
61%
Oil
75%
Coal and
Hydropower
Coke
4%
6%
2000
Coal and
Coke
16%
Hydropower
3%
Oil
40%
Oil
45%
2009
Natural Gas
45%
Natural Gas
41%
ENERGY BALANCES (Demand)
Electricity
12%
Natural Coal and
Gas
Coke
0%
1%
Natural Coal and
Gas
Coke
8%
4%
Electricity
13%
1980
1990
Oil
75%
Oil
87%
Natural
Gas
13%
Electricity
18%
Coal and
Coke
3%
Natural
Gas
17%
2000
Coal and
Coke
4%
2009
Oil
66%
Electricity
20%
Oil
59%
ENERGY BALANCES (Demand)
Residential
&
Commercial
14%
Non-Energy
Use
Agriculture
Residential
7%
0%
&
Commercial
12%
Non-Energy
Use
0%
Agriculture
0%
Industrial
40%
Industrial
47%
1980
1990
Transport
39%
Transport
41%
Residential
&
Commercial
13%
Non-Energy
Use
8%
Non-Energy
Agriculture
Use
1%
9%
Agriculture
0%
Industrial
38%
Residential
&
Commercial
16%
Industrial
35%
2009
2000
Transport
41%
Transport
39%
How We Disseminate Data?
GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
PRIVATE CO
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION
PUBLICATION
•Annual Energy Balance Report
•Statistics Book For Electricity And
Gas Industry
WEBSITE
www.st.gov.my
NATIONAL ENERGY BALANCE
6th OSLO GROUP MEETING\NEB 2009-Second Draft_NEW_.pdf
STATISTICS BOOK
PERFORMANCE AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION
FOR ELECTRICITY SUPPLY INDUSTRY IN MALAYSIA
DATA DISSEMINATION
NEB & STATISTICS PUBLICATION
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NEB Data Providers
Selected Government Agencies
All Public Universities
Selected Public Libraries
Selected Individuals
Selected International Bodies /
Organizations
DATA DISSEMINATION TO INTERNATIONAL
ORGANIZATIONS
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APEC - Annual and Quarterly Data Submission
IEA - Annual Data Submission
UN - Annual Data Submission
Monthly Data Submission Of Joint Organization
Data Initiative (JODI) Oil and JODI Gas to APEC
UN
USES OF ENERGY STATISTICS
Energy Statistics
Energy
Indicators
• Social
• Economic
• Environment
Greenhouse
Gas Emission
• IPCC
Guidelines
• GHG
Inventory
Energy Outlook
• National
Energy Policy
• ASEAN Energy
Outlook
• Mitigation NC2
THE USERS OF ENERGY STATISTICS
CONCLUSIONS
• Complete and timely energy database is important for
preparation of better energy analysis and also to ensure
the appropriate policy direction and decisions could be
made to respond to current energy situations.
• However, previous National Energy Balance table does
not contain detail of energy consumption for each
subsectors, thus there is a need to relook at the current
National Energy Balance structure and to see the
possibility of carrying out sampling methods to obtain
detail energy consumption data, i.e. for the industry
sector and the residential and commercial sector.
ENERGY COMMISSION, DIOMAND BUILDING
PUTRAJAYA
THANK YOU