APES AP Test Review Jeopardy 3
C: Ozone &
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©Norman Herr, 2003
• ANSWER: The 4 layers of the
atmosphere, from bottom to top
• QUESTION: What are troposphere,
stratosphere, mesosphere and
• ANSWER: The curving of winds and
ocean currents as a result of the earth’s
• QUESTION: What is the Coriolis Effect?
• ANSWER: The boundary between 2 air
masses, where the most dramatic weather
• QUESTION: What is a weather front?
• ANSWER: A change in the direction of
tropical winds warms coastal surface
water, suppresses upwellings, and causes
changes in global weather.
• QUESTION: What happens during an El
• ANSWER: Strong winds that circle the
earth in the upper troposphere and
influence weather patterns below.
• QUESTION: What are Jet Stream
• ANSWER: Warm air sits on top of cooler
air and traps pollutants (which can build
to harmful levels) in the lower layer.
• QUESTION: What occurs in a
• ANSWER: At this level, they are small
enough to reach the lower part of the
lungs and contribute to respiratory
• QUESTION: What are PM-2.5s? (< 2.5
• ANSWER: These are the 6 criteria air
pollutants found in outdoor air, as
determined by the EPA
• QUESTION: What are CO, NO2, SO2,
PMs (or SPM), O3 and Pb?
• ANSWER: These are the 4 most
dangerous pollutants in a type of
pollution that is usually a much greater
threat to human health than outdoor air
• QUESTION: What are cigarette smoke,
formaldehyde, radioactive radon-222 gas
and very small fine/ultrafine particles to
indoor air pollution?
• ANSWER: This combination creates
• QUESTION: What happens when air
pollutants form from the reaction of
nitrogen oxides and VOCs under the
influence of sunlight?
• ANSWER: The “bad” type occurs as a
pollutant in the troposphere, the “good”
type is at the top of the stratosphere.
• QUESTION: Where do the 2 types of
• ANSWER: A category of organic
compounds containing chlorine that react
with ozone (destroying the ozone layer).
• QUESTION: What are CFCs
• ANSWER: It makes life on earth possible
by trapping some solar energy and
keeping earth’s temperatures moderate.
• QUESTION: What is the benefit of the
natural greenhouse effect?
• ANSWER: The 2 major greenhouse gases
• QUESTION: What are carbon dioxide
and water vapor?
• ANSWER: 3 suggestions for reducing
greenhouse gas emissions
• QUESTION: What are reducing fossil
fuel use, using more renewable energy,
and reduce human population/poverty
(other answers possible)
• ANSWER: A thermocline
• QUESTION: What is the zone of
temperature change from warm surface
water to colder deep water?
• ANSWER: Flooded land area is
destroyed, fish migration and spawning
are disrupted, costly to construct
• QUESTION: What are disadvantages of
dams (& reservoirs)?
• ANSWER: The 2 major problems
concerning water availability, and the 2
major uses of water in the U.S.
• QUESTION: What are flooding and
water shortages, and what are
agriculture and power plant cooling?
• ANSWER: The 4 marine life zones.
• QUESTION: What are the coastal zone,
the euphotic zone, the bathyal zone and
the abyssal zone?
• ANSWER: 3 ways to increase the supply
of fresh water in an area.
• QUESTION: What are: build dams and
reservoirs, transfer water from another
area, and withdraw ground water? (also,
desalinization, waste and use less water)
• ANSWER: Excess nitrogen and
phosphorus in water cause this.
• QUESTION: What causes
• ANSWER: Infectious agents, oxygendemanding wastes, inorganic chemicals
and organic chemicals
• QUESTION: What are the 4 major types
of water pollutants?
• ANSWER: This results in thermal
• QUESTION: What happens when there
is input of heated water into a water
source that can disrupt aquatic life?
• ANSWER: Primary and secondary
• QUESTION: What are the physical
processes that remove large floating
objects and solids followed by biological
and chemical processes to treat sewage?
• ANSWER: The maximum daily pollution
amount allowed for a pollutant in a body
of water (including sediments)
• QUESTION: What is TMDL (total
maximum daily load)?
• ANSWER: The ability of a surface to
• QUESTION: What is albedo?